In this study, we test the predictive value of Co-parenting during childhood and the Mexican cultural value of familism over companionship and intimacy with mother and father –independently- reported by young adult child. To do so, a sample of 118 students - young adult children from nuclear families- in a public university of a Northwest state of Mexico were interviewed using close-ended questionnaires; after that we performed multivariate analyses (i.e. path analyses). The results show a sex difference favoring women who reported higher level of companionship and intimacy in their relations with mothers. Similarly, women reported higher values on co-parenting and familism. Also, there were direct, positive and statistically significant effects from co-parenting and familism over companionship and intimacy with the mother. Our findings show that only co-parenting during childhood predicts the experience of companionship and intimacy with the father children experience during early adulthood.
Ahrons, C. R., & Wallisch, L. (1987). The relationship between former spouses. In. D.
Perlman & S. Duck (Eds.), Intimate relationships: Development, dynamics and deterioration (pp. 269–296). Los Angeles: Sage.
Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1989). Attachments beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44, 709-
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Bell, S. M., & Stayton, D. J. (1971). Attachment, exploration, and
separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41, 49-67
Arcia, E., & Johnson, A. (1998). When respect means to obey: Immigrant Mexican
mothers’ values for their children. Journal of Child and Family Studies,
Belsky, J., & Hsieh, K. H. (1998). Patterns of marital change during the early childhood
years: Parent personality, co-parenting, and division of labor correlates. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 511-528.
Best, D. L., House, A. S., Barnard, A. E., & Spicker, B. S. (1994). Parent-child interactions in France, Germany, and Italy: The effects of gender and culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural, 25, 181-193.
Brown, G. L., Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J., Mangelsdorf, S.C. & Neff, C. (2010). Observed
and reported supportive coparenting as predictors of infant-mother and infant-father attachment security. Early Child Development and Care, 180, 121-137.
Burhmester, D. & Furman, W. (1987). The development of companionship and intimacy.
Child Development, 58, 1101-1113.
Cabrera, N. J., Ryan, R.M., Shannon, J.D., Brooks-Gunn, J., Vogel, C., Raikes, H., et al.
(2004). Low-income fathers’ involvement in their toddlers’ lives: Biological fathers from the early head start rsearch and evaluation study. Fathering, 2, 5-30.
Cabrera, N. J., Shannon, J. D., & La Taillade, J. J. (2009). Predictors of coparenting in Mexican American families and links to parenting and child social emotional development. Infant Mental Health Journal, 30, 523-548.
Castillo, L. G., Perez, F. V., Castillo, R., & Ghosheh, M. R. (2010). Construction and initial
validation of the Marianismo Beliefs Scale. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 163-175.
Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the
behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
DeRosier, M.E., & Kupersmidt, J.B. (1991). Costa Rican children’s perceptions
of their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 27, 656–662
Diaz-Guerrero, R. (1994). Psicologia del Mexicano, (6th ed.). Mexico: Trillas.
Dilworth-Anderson, P., Burton, L. M., & Boulin-Johnson, L. (1993). Reframing theories for understanding race, ethnicity and families. In P. Boss, W. Doherty, R. LaRossa, W. Schumm, and S. Steinmetz, (eds.), Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods: A Contextual Approach. New York: Plenum Press.
Furman, W. & Burhmester, D. (1992). Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks
of personal relationships. Child Development, 63, 103-115.
Gable, S., Crnic, K., & Belsky, J. (1994). Coparenting within the family system:
Influences on children’s development. Family Relations, 43, 380-386.
Gasper, J. A. F., Stolberg, A. L., Macie, K. M., & Williams, L. J. (2008). Coparenting in
intact and divorced families: Its impact on young adult adjustment. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 49, 272-290.
Grusec, J. E. (2002). Parental socialization and children acquisition of values. In M.H. Bornstein, Handbook of Parenting (Vol. 5, pp. 145-167). Mahwah, N.J. Lawrence Earlbaum.
Harkness, S. & Super, C. (2002). Culture and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein,
Handbook of parenting, (Vol. 2, pp. 253-280). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Harwood, R.L., Miller, A.M., Carlson, V.J. & Leyendecker, B. (2002). Child-rearing
beliefs and practices during feeding among middle-class Puerto Rican and
Anglo mother-infant pairs. In J.M. Contreras, K.A. Kerns, & M. Neal-Barnett (Eds.), Latino children and families in the United States (pp. 133-153). Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Hoff-Ginsberg, E., & Tardif, T. (1995). Socioeconomic status and parenting. In M. H.
Bornstein, (Ed.), The handbook of parenting: Vol. 2. Biology and ecology of parenting (pp. 161-188). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Horn, K. R.V. & Marques, J. C. (2000). Interpersonal relationships in Brazilian
adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24 (2), 199-203
Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática (2010). Censo Nacional.
Recuperado el 15 de Enero 2014. http: www.inegi.gob.mx
Ippolito-Morrill, M., Hines, D. A., Mahmood, S., & Cordova, J.V. (2010). Pathways
between marriage and parenting for wives and husbands: The role of coparenting. Family Process, 49, 59-73.
Knight, G.P., Yun-Tein J., Prost, J.H., & Gonzalez, N. (2002). Measurement equivalence
and research on Latino children and families: The importance of culturally
informed theory. In J. M. Contreras, K.A. Kerns, & M. Neal-Barnett (Eds.),
Latino children and families in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Lopéz-Suarez, A. D., Correa, R. F. E., & Olvera, M. M. A. (2014). Cohesión familiar como
predictora del bienestar subjetivo en jóvenes guanuajatenses. La Psicología Social en México, 15, 504-511
McHale, J.P, Khazan, I., Erera, P., Rotman, T., DeCourcey, W., & McConnell, M.
(2002). Co-parenting in diverse family systems. In M. H. Bornstein, Handbook of parenting, (Vol. 3, pp. 75-107). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Moilanen, K. L. & Raffaelli, M. (2010). Support and conflicto in ethnically diverse young
adults’ relationships with parents and friends.
Mora, O., I., Chambläs, Navarro. G., Castro, M. (2002). Valores morales y familia en
estudiantes de enseñanza media de la Provincia de Concepción. Revista de Psicología de la Universidad de Chile, 11(2), 55-72.
Romero, A. J. & Ruiz, M. (2007). Does familism lead to increased parental monitoring?:
Protective factors for coping with risky behavior. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 16, 143-154.
Sabogal, F., Marin, G., Otero-Sabogal, R., & Marin, B.V. (1987). Hispanic familism and acculturation: What changes and what doesn’t? Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 9, 397-412.
Schoppe, S. J., Mangelsdorf, S. C., & Frosch, C. A. (2001). Co-parenting, family
process, and family structure: Implications for preschooler’s externalizing behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 15, 526-545.
Schoppe-Sullivan, S., Mangelsdorf, S., Frosch, C.A., & McHale, J.L. (2004).
Associations between co-parenting and marital behavior from infancy to the preschools years. Journal of Family Psychology, 18, 194-207.
Snyder, D. K. (1981). Manual for the marital satisfaction inventory. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Solmeyer, A.R, McHale, S. M., Killoren, S. E., & Updegraff, K. A. (2011). Coparenting
around siblings’ differential treatment in Mexican-origin families. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 251-260.
Autor y colaboradores (2013). Shared parenting, parental effort, and life history strategy: A
cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(4), 620-639.
Autor y colaboradores (2012). Couples’ cultural values, coparenting, and family emotional
climate within Mexican-origin families. Family Process, 51, 218-233.
Autor y colaboradores (2011). Marital relationship quality and couples’ cognitive
stimulation practices toward their infants: Actor and partner effects of Whites and Hispanic parents. Early Child Development and Care, 181, 103-122.
Tapia-Valladares, J., Rojas-Campos, A., Picado-Arce, K., & Conejo-Bolaños, L.D. (2015).
Identidad personal y apego en adolescentes costarricenses: exploración,
compromiso e inocuo nivel educacional de progenitors. Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 49(1), 3-14.
Teubert, D. & Pinquart, M. (2010). The association between coparenting and children
adjustment: A meta-analysis. Parenting: Science & Practice. Oct-Dec2010, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p286-307
Unger, J. B., Ritt-Olson, A., Teran, L., Huang, T., Hoffman, B. R., & Palmer, P. (2002).
Cultural values and substance use in a multiethnic sample of California adolescents. Addiction Research & Theory, 10(3), 257-279.
Valls-Vidal, C., Pérez-Testor, C., Guardia-Olmos, J., & Iafrate, R. (2010). Assessment of
the familial relationships of young adult children of separated parents. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 51, 491-507.
Velasco, M. P.W., Rivera, A. S., García, M. M., & Arita, W.B.Y. (2014). Correlatos
culturales del bienestar subjetivo en México. La Psicología Social en México, 15, 99-106.
Wozniak, R., Sung, S., Crump, T., Edgar-Smith, S., & Litzinger, S. (1996). The Relational family values Q-Sort. Unpublished manuscript, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).