Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> fernando.polanco@sipsych.org (Fernando Andres Polanco) mariah@samaristudios.com (Mariah Reisner) Fri, 08 Oct 2021 08:53:00 -0400 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Work fatigue and attention performance in remise and taxi drivers https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1501 <p>Fatigue is considered a risk factor in traffic accidents, particularly in the case of professional drivers. In this population, extended working hours constitute one of the main precursors of fatigue. The objective of this work was to study the subjective perception of fatigue and the attentional performance in taxi / remise drivers at the beginning and end of a work day. Professional drivers (n = 30) were compared with a group of workers from different sectors (n = 30), matched by gender and age. A Fatigue severity scale, an Analogue visual fatigue scale, and a Conjunctive visual search task were administered. Overall, professional drivers showed higher scores in the fatigue severity scale. With regard to the attentional task, the ANOVA showed that professional drivers were less accurate in their performance. The practical implications of these findings are discussed.</p> Soledad Susana López; Rubén Daniel Ledesma, María Isabel Introzzi, Silvana Andrea Montes Copyright (c) 2021 Soledad Susana López; Rubén Daniel Ledesma, María Isabel Introzzi, Silvana Andrea Montes http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1501 Sun, 29 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0400 A Global Perspective on Psychologists' and Their Organizations' Response to a World Crisis https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1713 <p>Around the world, individual psychologists have stepped up to deliver essential services to address the social and emotional sequelae of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many psychological organizations have also responded to this public health crisis, though their efforts may be less widely recognized. Psychological organizations engaged in preventive and mitigation efforts targeted, among others, the general public, local communities, and high-risk groups such as health care providers. They disseminated mental health information to the general public, trained laypersons to provide psychological first aid, and used research to design and evaluate public health responses to the pandemic. In some countries, psychological organizations contributed to the design and implementation of public health policies and practices. The nature of these involvements changed throughout the pandemic and evolved from reactive to proactive, from local to international. Several qualities appear key to the value, impact, and success of these efforts. These include organizational agility and adaptability, the ability to overcome their political inertia and manage conflict, recognizing the need to address cultural differences, and allocating limited resources to high-risk and resource-depleted constituencies where it was needed most.</p> Germán Gutiérrez, Oscar Barbarin, Martina Klicperová-Baker, Prakash Padakannaya, Ava Thompson, Simon Crowe, Brigitte Khoury Copyright (c) 2021 Germán Gutiérrez, Oscar Barbarin, Martina Klicperová-Baker, Prakash Padakannaya, Ava Thompson, Simon Crowe, Brigitte Khoury http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1713 Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Fact-checking on Twitter: An analysis of the hashtag #StopBulos https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1371 <p>The fact-checking is an important tool to improve the quality of the information that circulates in virtual networks. Although there are different fact-checking verification agencies, we also found some more informal strategies such as the use of the hashtag #Stopbulos. Thus, this research aims to characterize the #StopBulos hashtag on Twitter as a way to verify information and control the spread of fake news. The results showed that there was diversity among users and the themes of the tweets that included this hashtag, while the main function was to deny fake news. However, it was found that those who achieved greater dissemination were the users with the largest number of followers and institutional character. The implications of using the #StopBulos hashtag as a tool to identify false information on social networks are discussed.</p> <p><em>Keywords</em>: fake news, post-truth, post-news, social media, network societies</p> Roberto M. Lobato, Andrea Velandia Morales, Ángel Sánchez Rodríguez, Mar Montoya Lozano, Efraín García Sánchez Copyright (c) 2021 Roberto M. Lobato, Andrea Velandia Morales, Ángel Sánchez Rodríguez, Mar Montoya Lozano, Efraín García Sánchez http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1371 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Recognizing the Multitude of Housing Barriers Facing Homeless and Unstably Housed Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1569 <p>Survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) seek services from domestic violence (DV) programs for a multitude of reasons. One critical need for many survivors, that has often been overlooked when considering the services DV programs provide, is stable housing. DV programs typically offer safety planning, counseling, advocacy, support groups, and some form of temporary safe housing (e.g., shelter, transitional housing), but increasingly, survivors need assistance securing safe and stable long-term housing. It is imperative, then, that program staff have the information, resources, and skills needed to effectively assist survivors with this essential need. This study examined the housing barriers facing 406 homeless or unstably housed intimate partner violence survivors seeking help from one of five domestic violence programs. In-depth interviews conducted shortly after they sought services revealed that many survivors had a prior history of homelessness, and the vast majority reported at least five issues they faced that made obtaining safe and affordable housing difficult. Findings emphasize the importance of advocates specifically asking about potential housing barriers, and having the knowledge, skills, and community connections needed to effectively assist homeless and unstably housed survivors.</p> Gabriela Lopez-Zeron, M. Isidora Bilbao-Nieva, Cris M. Sullivan, Danielle Chiaramonte Copyright (c) 2021 Gabriela Lopez-Zeron, M. Isidora , Cris M. Sullivan, Danielle Chiaramonte http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1569 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Psychometric properties of a Food Buying Styles Scale (EEC-ALI) in University Students https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/934 The object of the present reserach was to assess the psychometric properties of the Food Buying Styles Scale (Escala de Estilos de Compra de Alimentos – EEC-ALI) based on the Buying Styles Scale adapted by Denegri, Peñaloza, Elgueta and Sepúlveda (unpublished manuscript). This scale assesses planning, impulsiveness and compulsiveness with regards to food buying behavior. The sample consisted of 369 university students, male and female, from northern, central and southern Chile. We examined reliability and validity indicators. The analyses showed that the scale has appropriate psychometric properties, suggesting that the instrument is adequate for its use in the analysis of food buying styles in young people and specifically university students. Marianela Denegri, Constanza García, Nicolle González, Herman Elgueta, Clementina Hueche, Berta Schnettler Copyright (c) 2021 Marianela Denegri, Constanza García, Nicolle González, Herman Elgueta, Clementina Hueche, Berta Schnettler http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/934 Sun, 29 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Self-regulated learning, academic achievement and socioeconomic context at the end of primary school https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1509 <p class="Resumen"><span lang="EN-US">The increase of inequalities and the learning crisis due to COVID-19 pandemic has forced to review the role of education in the attainment of skills to learn throughout life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence of the academic achievement on selfregulation strategies (forethought, inhibition and volitional inhibition), considering the socioeconomical context at the end of elementary school. The SRL strategies are assessed, from the perspective of students and teachers, triangulating measurement in different tasks. 67 students in their last year of primary education participated. The SRL measures were compared using robust tests considering high and low academic achievement and low and medium socioeconomic context (robust version of Welch’s test for two groups, Yuen’s test, and two-way ANOVA based on trimmed means and Winsorized variances). The academic achievement affects and significantly predicts the forethought strategy. In the low socioeconomical context, the students with a high academic achievement maximize their SRL. The modulating role of the school experience in self-regulation is discussed.</span></p> Daniel Trias, Juan Antonio Huertas, Cindy Mels, Ignacio Castillejo, Valentina Ronqui Copyright (c) 2021 Daniel Trias, Juan Antonio Huertas, Cindy Mels, Ignacio Castillejo, Valentina Ronqui http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1509 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 When loss hurts: Psychobiological basis of frustration https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1443 <p>Frustration or psychological pain refers to a negative emotional experience derived from unexpected incentive loss. The scientific study of frustration with non-human animals is abundant and consistent, whereas human research on this topic seems to be more fragmentary because of the variety of conceptual, theoretical and experimental approaches. The main aim of this paper was to conduct a narrative review of the scientific literature about the psychological construct of frustration. With this goal in mind, we first described the consummatory successive negative contrast, a widely used animal model of psychological pain and frustration. We also conducted a systematic search of experimental studies aimed at inducing frustration in humans, reviewed studies focused on analyzing the relationship between physical and psychological pain, and selected experiments involving the manipulation (omission, devaluation) of social stimuli. A discussion of the implications of the results for basic and clinical research was finally included, with an especial emphasis in the current COVID-19 pandemic, a worldwide experience of incentive loss with relevant psychological consequences.</p> Carmen Torres Bares, Loida E. Morillo-Rivero, Mauricio R. Papini Copyright (c) 2021 Carmen Torres Bares, Loida E. Morillo-Rivero, Mauricio R. Papini http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1443 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Avoiding hetero/cissexist bias in psychological research: a contribution from latin America https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1631 <p>This theoretical paper seeks to reflect on hetero/cissexist bias and how it could influence scientific papers and research on sexual diversity in the field of psychology.</p> <p>First, the paper defines and describes core concepts in this area, particularly, the notion of bias. Next, some of the most salient problems in this field are outlined, particularly the one concerning homo and transsexuality pathologization.</p> <p>Finally, some recommendations considered pertinent and useful for avoiding and minimizing bias are systematized.</p> Jaime Barrientos, Blas Radi Copyright (c) 2021 Jaime Barrientos, Blas Radi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1631 Thu, 17 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Impulsivity and family conflict as predictors of illegal psychoactive substance use in adolescents https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1334 <p>This research studies impulsiveness and family conflict as predictors of illegal psychoactive substance use. The objective of this research was to analyze the differences in impulsiveness and family conflict between high school student users and non-users of illegal psychoactive substances. A quantitative methodology through a cross-sectional, correlational study was carried out. A questionnaire composed by the Plutchik scale of impulsiveness, some items of the Climent, Aragón and Plutchik Scale of Impulsivity and indicators to explore consumption of psychoactive substances. The sample was composed by 344 high school students of the municipality of Emiliano Zapata in Veracruz, México. The results show that 9.0% have consumed illegal drugs. A correlation was found between family conflict, impulsivity and use of psychoactive substances. We found that impulsivity and risk taking are predictors of illegal drug use. The results show that impulsivity is a factor related to drug use and it is necessary to design interventions that favor management of emotions and decision making in adolescents, as well as the participation of the family in substance use prevention programs. </p> Nicole Guadalupe Vallejo Alviter, Jorge Luis Arellanez Hernández, Catalina Francisca González Forteza, Fernando Wagner Echeagaray Copyright (c) 2021 Nicole Guadalupe Vallejo Alviter, Jorge Luis Arellanez Hernández, Catalina Francisca González Forteza, Fernando Wagner Echeagaray http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1334 Sun, 29 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Violence in intimate relationship between women. Integrative literature review https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1556 <p>Intimate partner violence (IPV) is widely portrayed from a heterosexual point of view, and there are few representations of violence in homosexual intimacy. This article analyzes the literature on intimate partner violence in relationships between women who have sex with women. Methodologically, the study corresponds to an integrative literature review that analyzed 60 articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish, available in the SCIELO databases; CAPES journals; Virtual Health Library; Redalyc and Dialnet, published between 2012-2019. The findings are analyzed descriptively using an instrument developed by the authors, called the review protocol. The results are presented into five categories that discuss cultural aspects related to IPV in this population. 1st) Gender; 2nd) Intergenerational violence; 3rd) Minority stress; 4th) Substance abuse and 5th) Barriers to coping with IPV, which show the intergenerational influence on intimate violence and that gender stereotypes make intimate violence between women invisible by making them think of themselves as non-aggressors at the same time. Women are crossed by intersectionalities that accentuate the stress experienced by being a sexual minority, and the barriers to coping with IPV involve the State's lack of preparation to deal with non-heterosexual IPV.</p> Daniel de Souza, Mateus Alves Silva, Adriano Beiras Copyright (c) 2021 Daniel de Souza , Mateus Alves Silva, Adriano Beiras http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1556 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400