Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> (Fernando Andres Polanco) (Mariah Reisner) Tue, 26 Jul 2022 12:01:06 -0400 OJS 60 Psychological impact of a country-wide lockdown. Role of personal, behavioral, social, and physical conditions on negative and positive affect and meaning in life <p>During the early outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020, a strict home lockdown was maintained in Spain for more than 50 days, disrupting social and economic activities. The aim of this study is to explore affective and well-being responses during the initial period of mandatory home lockdown. Specifically, we analyzed: 1) differences in risk perception according to sociodemographic and health profile; 2) relation between social and environmental characteristics of home isolation, positive and negative affect and meaning in life; and 3) the relationship between activities and behaviors performed by people under lockdown and well-being. A total of 1343 Spanish residents participated in this correlational and cross-sectional study. Results show a significant relationship between health and economic risk perception associated with confinement. Higher health risk perception was identified among the older population and those belonging to high-risk groups. High resilience was linked to lower negative affect and greater positive affect and meaning in life. Regarding social and environmental characteristics of home isolation, people living with others reported greater negative affect than people living alone and the daily frequency of use of open-air spaces was linked to positive affect. Higher positive affect and meaning in life were also reported in people who frequently participated in community activities or by helping others. Lower negative affect was only associated with physical exercise.</p> Ernesto Suárez, Gladys Rolo-González, Gabriel Muinos, Cristina Chinea-Montesdeoca, Isabel Duarte-Lores, Domingo Gil-Giménez Copyright (c) 2022 Ernesto Suárez, Gladys Rolo-González, Gabriel Muinos, Cristina Chinea-Montesdeoca, Isabel Duarte-Lores, Domingo Gil-Giménez Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Vittorio Guidano's trips to Argentina (1989-1999) <p>The present article aims to narrate the trips of the Italian psychiatrist Vittorio Guidano (1944-1999) to Argentina during the 1990s. In order to highlight the impact of the activities he carried out within the framework of his visits, mainly conferences and seminars, a brief presentation of the evolution of Guidano's thought, which led him to elaborate a post-rationalist psychotherapy, is outlined. His interest in spreading his proposal, joined with a group of Argentine psychotherapists, who were already interested in the ideas of Hans Eysenck and Aaron Beck, led to a special episode in the history of modern psychology. Indeed, the impact of the Italian psychiatrist's approach among these young professionals, who were looking for new perspectives for their clinical practice, had consequences that can be traced in Argentine therapeutic circles up to the present day.</p> Jorge Sebastián Barahona-Moore, Hugo Klappenbach, Hernán Scholten, Gonzalo Salas Copyright (c) 2022 Jorge S. Barahona-Moore, Hugo Klappenbach, Hernán Scholten, Gonzalo Salas Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 An integrative framework of early socio-emotional competencies: cognition, regulation and communication <p>Currently there is no consensus on what is the socio-emotional development, what are its components and path of progress, hindering the progress of transdisciplinary research and the development of evaluation and intervention methods in public policies. The literature about socio-emotional development is extensively reviewed, offering a theoretical model that identified three principal socio-emotional competencies: (a) socio-emotional cognition: composed by the attention and interpretation of social situations; (b) emotion regulation: composed by the emotion modulation and impulse control; (c) socio-emotional communication: composed by verbal and no verbal communication with others.</p> Esteban Gómez Muzzio, Katherine Strasser Copyright (c) 2022 Esteban Gómez Muzzio, Katherine Strasser Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Democracy and community psychology: From representation to participation <p>Community psychology is a set of values, goals, and commitments. Those commitments include furthering well-being, empowerment, and human development. Stemming from these values ​​and commitments, this paper promotes a reflection on democratic systems. Models of representative and participatory democracy are discussed. The knowledge that community psychology has generated about participation and its relevance to the implementation of participatory democratic processes is also presented. The article contains three examples of participatory democracy projects in Puerto Rico along with their achievements and challenges, and ends with recommendations to continue this path and promote it in other countries.</p> Irma Serrano García Copyright (c) 2022 Irma Serrano García Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Subjectivity and Sexual Difference: Analyzes of Phallogocentrism in Psychoanalysis and Poststructuralist Feminism <p><span lang="EN-US">Reading about the sexual difference occupies a central place in theories about the subjective constitution and phallogocentrism construction. The article problematizes the reading of sexual differences. It questions the phallogocentric assumption regarding the elaboration of subjectivity, binarism, and hierarchy that anchors the male and female pair. It was possible to perform the qualitative-theoretical research by selecting works of authors referenced in psychoanalysis to analyze the relationship between sexual difference and the subject. Also, it was possible to select works by contemporary authors regarding contemporary psychoanalysis and poststructuralist feminist studies by considering their phallogocentrism criticisms.It is possible to conclude by the need to question the separation between nature and culture, body and symbolic, sex and genderto critically base the reading and work on sexual difference.</span></p> Laura Christofoletti da Silva Gabriel, Mériti de Souza, Gustavo Angeli Copyright (c) 2022 Laura Christofoletti da Silva Gabriel, Mériti de Souza, Gustavo Angeli Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Adult Attachment and Perceived Social Support Among Adults with Problematic Substance Use <p>The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the attachment style and perceived social support in Chilean adults with and without problematic substance use (<em>N</em> = 46). The attachment style was evaluated through the Ca-Mir questionnaire and social support through MOS questionnaire. Attachment insecurity was associated to problematic substance use, while attachment security in substance users was linked to a greater perceived social support. The use of substances would be a strategy for emotional regulation underlying attachment insecurity and low perceived social support. The results were discussed from an attachment perspective, given its relevance for psychotherapy in the context of rehabilitation in substance use.</p> Camila Espinoza Chaparro, Romina Pavez González, Rosario Spencer Contreras, Andrés Fresno Rodríguez, Gonzalo Palomo Vélez, Susana Campos Soto Copyright (c) 2022 Camila Espinoza Chaparro, Romina Pavez González, Rosario Spencer Contreras, Andrés Fresno Rodríguez, Gonzalo Palomo Vélez, Susana Campos Soto Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Services School of Psychology in Brazil: challenges and possibilities for clinical practices in times of pandemic <p>In this theoretical essay, the authors, based on their experiences as teachers, researchers, psychologists and internship supervisors seek to situate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of the Brazilian population and on clinical practices in schools of Psychology in the country, as well as reflecting on the elasticity of demand and listening trainee and supervisor in that context. Therefore, they theoretically discuss the role of the school service in the undergraduate training of the psychologist and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the provision of services by students. Based on several questions about the psychosocial reality of the pandemic and the need for planning, regulation and training for remote practices throughout the training of the psychologist, propose new managements for individual psychotherapy and other modalities of clinical practices, in the sense that school services meet social demands in times of pandemic crisis and better prepare their students for a job market increasingly taken over by remote relationships and services.</p> Shirley Macêdo, Marciana Gonçalves Farinha Copyright (c) 2022 Shirley Macêdo, Marciana Gonçalves Farinha Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Psychology in the country of the future: The VI Interamerican Congress of Psychology (Rio de Janeiro, 1959) <p>This article analyses the historical conditions and effects of the VI Interamerican Congress of Psychology (VI ICP) held in Rio de Janeiro (1959). During the late 1950s, Brazil was going through a period of economic and cultural developmental euphoria and the emergence of a new image of Brazil to the world. It was also a period marked by the creation of the first undergraduate courses in Psychology (starting in 1953), as well as by the political negotiations that culminated in the legal regulation of the psychology profession (1962). The sources consulted were the Annals of the VI ICP, containing lists of participants and abstracts of the papers presented, as well as press publications that portrayed the media coverage of the congress. The VI ICP had an attendance of 409 persons from 13 countries, 254 women and 151 men, plus 4 unidentified people. The VI ICP was a milestone of impulse for Psychology as an emerging profession in Brazil, while the public repercussion of the event contributed both to the visibility of this science in the domestic environment and to the dissemination of the Brazilian psychological production at the continental level.</p> Filipe Degani-Carneiro, Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela, Adriana Amaral do Espírito-Santo, Maira Allucham Goulart Naves Trevisan Vasconcellos Copyright (c) 2022 Filipe Degani-Carneiro, Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela, Adriana Amaral do Espírito-Santo, Maira Allucham Goulart Naves Trevisan Vasconcellos Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Predictors of Family, School and Neighbourhood Domain on Life Satisfaction in Chilean Adolescents <p>Adolescents live in constant interaction with their family, school and neighbourhood domains, affecting them and being affected by them, playing an active role in their subjective well-being. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of family, school and neighbourhood domains on the life satisfaction of Chilean adolescents. The sample consisted of 1392 adolescents who participated in the International Survey on Children's Well-Being (ISCWeB) in Chile. The results showed that a structural equation model configured with five dimensions referring to family, school and neighbourhood jointly contributed to explain 41% of the variance in students' life satisfaction. When adding the variables gender, age and school vulnerability index to the model, no influence on life satisfaction was observed. An unexpected finding, contradictory to other studies, was that satisfaction with school had no influence on this model. The implications of the study are that the results can serve as a diagnostic for proposing subjective well-being interventions based on strengthening students' family, school or neighbourhood domains.</p> Denise Oyarzún-Gómez, , , , Copyright (c) 2022 Denise Oyarzún-Gómez, Ferrán Casas Aznar, Ferrán Casas Aznar, Jaime Alfaro , Paula Ascorra Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Mapping Celso Pereira de Sá: Itineraries of his Intellectual Activity (1970-1990) <p>This proposal is characterized as a historical-conceptual research that aimed to identify publications of Celso Pereira de Sá linked to Behavior Analysis and to interpret conceptual and philosophical networks contained in these works, relating them to historiographical elements of his intellectual activity between 1970 and 1990. The methodological path was organized into two dimensions; one historiographic which used analysis of primary sources and another conceptual which have used Iramuteq software and appropriations of strategies of the Contextual Text Interpretation Procedure (PICT). We found an author reflecting upon the role of the intellectual and the production of scientific knowledge for solving eminently Brazilian social problems. Sá invested in popular political education in which the population would itself be able to produce knowledge about its reality and intervene in it. His concept of behavior is based on the understanding that the subject is necessarily a historical, social and verbal being. In addition, the concept of social counter-control indicates a transformation in society, highlighting the role of verbal behavior as a potential vehicle in the mobilization for social transformation.</p> Roberta Garcia Alves, Rodrigo Lopes Miranda Copyright (c) 2022 Roberta Garcia Alves, Rodrigo Lopes Miranda Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Treatment program for ex-jailed sex offenders in Uruguay: from knowledge to policy. <p>In this article, we discuss the process of implementing a pilot program of the treatment of sex offenders in Uruguay. We implemented an intervention-research based on the case study method delimited in terms of institutional and thematic scenarios; a national public institution whose main objective is the socio-labor and community inclusion of formerly incarcerated people. The data collection took place between February and October 2018, through group interviews with the technical team of the program and semi-structured interviews with the directorate. We present the analyzed theoretical and technical dimensions involved in the implementation of a community-based program for sexual offenders, according to two analytical lines: the specificity of the approach towards sexual offenders and the conceptions of the key institutional actors surrounding sexual violence.</p> Raquel Galeotti, Laura López-Gallego, Alejandra López-Gómez Copyright (c) 2022 Raquel Galeotti, Laura López-Gallego, Alejandra López-Gómez Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Effect of the differential discount value on the purchase prediction: an approach from associative learning <p>The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of changing the context in which a product with different discount values has been associated with purchase prediction. Participants were trained in a learning task where they had to predict the probability of a result (purchase of a product) based on different images (products), presented in different contexts (stores). In store A, product X associated with different discount values (50%, 30%, 0%) and the product Z associated with a constant discount (30%) were presented. In store B, product Y was presented without discount (0%). Control products without discount were presented in each context (F1 and F2). The results indicate that the differential discount value is context dependent, which means that the probability of purchase is greater when the product with a variable discount is presented in the same store where the association with multiple discounts was previously learned. This effect was less with the product with constant discount and was not observed in the product without discount. The implications of these findings are discussed considering the effectiveness of discount promotional strategies in stores.</p> Liliana Y. Rodríguez-González, José Alejandro Aristizábal, Julian Tejada Copyright (c) 2022 Liliana Y. Rodríguez-González, José Alejandro Aristizábal, Julian Tejada Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400 The organizations of psychologists in Argentina and the kidnapping and disappearance of Beatriz Perosio, victim of state terrorism <p>On August 8, 1978, Beatriz Perosio was kidnapped from the kindergarten where she worked in the Palermo neighborhood of Buenos Aires. At that time, Beatriz Perosio was President of the Association of Psychologists of Buenos Aires (APBA) and of the Federation of Psychologists of the Argentine Republic (FePRA), an institution that she herself had helped to organize a year earlier. The paper analyzes the actions carried out by the organizations of psychologists in the country after the kidnapping. To this end, it reconstructs the emergence and history of such organizations, especially the APBA, in which Perosio played a central role.</p> Hugo Klappenbach Copyright (c) 2022 Hugo Klappenbach Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0400