Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> (Fernando Andres Polanco) (Mariah Reisner) Wed, 23 Dec 2020 19:29:48 -0500 OJS 60 Teachers' Stressors in Times of Pandemic: An Instrument for Their Exploration <p>Teachers represent one of the most endangered professional groups for the development of stress and burnout, risks that could have gotten enhanced due to work changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this work was to develop and validate a measure to assess teachers’ perceptions of stressors in the context of social distancing. The sample was composed by 674 anonymous and volunteer argentine teachers (MAGE = 39.08; SD = 9.10; 72.2 % female, 22.8 % male) who completed an initial version of the scale, integrated by 23 items. After exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, 21 items were retained, representing five stress factors: work environment and work overload, the use of new technologies, the uncertainty regarding the duration and consequences of the pandemics, the organizational aspects of the educational institution, and the relationships with the student's environment, the conflict and role ambiguity. The internal consistency of the complete scale was excellent (ω = .95). In line with the theory, and as evidence of nomological validity, the correlation obtained with a scale of psychophysics symptoms of stress was positive (r = .53; p = .000).</p> Laura Oros, Natalia Vargas Rubilar, Sonia Chemisquy Copyright (c) 2020 Laura Oros, Natalia Vargas Rubilar, Sonia Chemisquy Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Reliability and validity analysis of the Quality of Life, Satisfaction and Pleasure Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q) in Public Health workers <p>The quality of Life Questionnaire: satisfaction and Pleasure (Q-LES-Q) (Endicott, Harrison y Blumenthal, 1993; WHOQOL Group, 1995), widely used and recognized by the scientific community, it has not been reviewed in population in Argentina. For this reason, this study was oriented to determine the reliability and validity of seven subscales. We worked with a probabilistic sample of 497 public health workers (M=38 years; SD=9,48). The results indicated adequate internal consistency indexes; by means of the analysis of principal components some subscales with multifactorial structure were detected, while others retained their original structure. By means of rotation Oblimin was obtained a distribution of items consistent with the theoretical constructs, so it was concluded that their use in this population would be pertinent.</p> María Paz Hauser, , Jorge Leporatti Copyright (c) 2020 María Paz Hauser, Lic., Horacio Daniel Garcia, Jorge Leporatti Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Future time perspective and self-efficacy: A mediation analysis (psychological hardiness, hope, and vitality) in Mexico and the U.S.A. <p>This study´s objective was to analyze the mediating effects of hardiness, hope, and vitality in the relationship between future time perspective and self-efficacy in the work context. We also analyzed whether such mediation effects vary between Mexico and the U.S. A total of 583 MBA students were surveyed in both countries. The PROCESS (Hayes, 2013) command in SPSS® (20) was employed to analyze the data. The results suggest that (in order of mediating power) hope, hardiness, and vitality transmit almost all the future time perspective´ effects to self-efficacy and that such mediating effects are invariant between the analyzed countries.</p> Daniel Arturo Cernas Ortiz, Patricia Mercado Salgado Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Arturo Cernas Ortiz, Patricia Mercado Salgado Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Review of the Current Status of the Quality of Life in Stroke Survivors <p>The objective of this article was to know the findings about the quality of life (QL) in surviving patients through the review of empirical studies published in the period from 2012 to 2017 in the databases of Sciencedirect and Proquest. A documentary descriptive study was conducted, in which the following words were used as search descriptors: quality of life, ictus, and ACV were used for the research. 1679 articles were initially identified, 44 of those were selected based on their fulfillment of the inclusion criteria. The articles were analyzed according to the methodological design, the characteristics of the participants, the measurement instruments, the main results obtained and the limitations reported. A total of 44 studies were found, o 97% were quantitative, with the observational cross-sectional design with the most prevalent relational scope. The main issue addressed in the studies was the factors associated with CV; being functionality, neurological status and depression, the most reported predictive variables. It is expected that in the future, the research about the (this) topic will be made through mixed investigation or with observational, longitudinal designs, that include participants younger than 18; will perform evaluations (assessments) with specific scales, and will delve into the effect of cognitive and psychological variables, and care process in the life quality.</p> Gloria Johanna Montaña Mogollón, Elsa Fernanda Siabato Macias Copyright (c) 2020 Elsa Fernanda Siabato Macias, Gloria Johanna Montaña Mogollón Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Brazilian version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale: adaptation and psychometric evidence <p>The objective was to gather evidence of validity and accuracy of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale (TPS) in Brazilian context. Therefore, two studies were carried out. In Study 1, the participants were 210 undergraduate students, with an average age of 23.21 (SD = 7.08). They responded to TPS and demographic issues. The exploratory factor analysis suggested a one-dimensional solution, with Cronbach's alpha (α) and McDonald's omega (ω) equal to .88. In Study 2, the participants were 274 undergraduate students, with an average age of 23.72 (SD = 7.61). A factor confirmatory analysis indicated adequate indicators (CFI = .97, TLI = .96, RMSEA = .06, Pclose = .28). In addition, the reliability was satisfactory (α = .86, ω = .70). Psychometric evidences were found for the Brazilian reality, and TPS could be a useful tool for those interested in the subject.</p> Ricardo Neves Couto, Patrícia Nunes da Fonseca, Paulo Gregório Nascimento da Silva, Emerson Diógenes de Medeiros, Thayro Andrade Carvalho Copyright (c) 2020 Ricardo Neves Couto, Paulo Gregório Nascimento da Silva, Patrícia Nunes da Fonsêca, Emerson Diógenes de Medeiros, Thayro Andrade Carvalho Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Male Homosexuality and Lesbianism in the Academic Production of Psychology <p>The aim of the article is to identify the academic productions on male homosexuality and the lesbianism of Psychology as a discipline of Latin America, Spain and Portugal during 2012-2016. The review was carried out in the databases: VHL, Dialnet, PsycINFO, Redalyc, Scopus and Web of Science. We identified 80 articles from Spain, 63 from Portugal and 289 from Latin America, considering the cooperative works altogether there are 420 identified articles. We classify the topics into 12 categories in order to organize the research approaches: attitude; health; family and love relationships and friendship; gender and identity; equality, rights, social support and education. By continuing investigating male homosexuality and lesbianism without questioning heterosexuality, psychology has figured the sexual (a)normality of the society considering that the scientific knowledge has effects on everyday life.</p> Jinfang Yang, Lupicinio Íñiguez-Rueda Copyright (c) 2020 Jinfang Yang, Lupicinio Íñiguez-Rueda Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Theory of subjectivity and psychotherapy: A proposal from the Historical-Cultural Perspective <p>This article discusses the value of the theory of subjectivity of the Cultural Historical Perspective (CHP) for the field of clinical psychology and psychotherapy. In this discussion we explore how the translation and diffusion of Vygotsky’s work in the west was affected by historical and ideological factors that prevented the CHP from extending its reach to the field of clinical psychology. Additionally, we discuss the theory of subjectivity, psychotherapy and qualitative epistemology proposed by Gonzalez Rey as an alternative that could be the link between the CHP and clinical psychology. Finally, we discuss aspects that need to be further elaborated in Gonzalez Rey’s theory as part of its implementation in the clinical field.</p> Jeremy Swan Rodriguez-Camejo, Tania García-Ramos, Sara Santiago-Estrada Copyright (c) 2020 Jeremy Swan Rodriguez-Camejo, Tania García-Ramos, Sara Santiago-Estrada Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 When Speed Breaks the Sound Barrier: The Effect of Cue Hierarchy on Expected Quality and Purchase Intentions Regarding Laptops <p>A few taxonomies have been proposed to categorize the cues consumers use to assess the quality of a given product. However, these taxonomies do not take into account the possible hierarchy that may exist among these cues. Through three studies we tested a taxonomy based on the structural approach to social representations. This framework proposes a distinction between central and peripheral cues. The former would be essential whereas the latter would be less important in the process of conducting quality assessment or with regard to purchase intentions. Results show that, concerning purchase intentions, a good central feature can compensate for a poor peripheral feature while the converse is not possible. Moreover, this interaction effect is mediated by the perceived quality of the product.</p> Anthony Piermattéo, Grégory Lo Monaco, Sylvain Delouvée Copyright (c) 2020 Anthony Piermattéo, Grégory Lo Monaco, Sylvain Delouvée Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Teleworking in times of COVID-19 <p>COVID-19 as a global pandemic had consequences at the health level, but also at the social level, since as a consequence of preventing its spread, governments took measures that affected work, adopting teleworking as an alternative to be able to continue with work activities from home. This study analyzes the characteristics of teleworking and its impact on the perception of productivity and well-being of people who are in social isolation due to COVID-19. The study was conducted in Ecuador, in a sample of 459 people who answered an online questionnaire. The results found show that there are aspects that affect productivity, such as working long hours, personal skills, specifically self-motivation and organizational skills, and mental health. With this research, a better understanding of the situation of teleworking in confinement due to COVID-19 is achieved, allowing both individuals and organizations to develop resources so that work from home is successful and people feel satisfied while this situation lasts</p> Valentina Ramos, Carlos Ramos-Galarza, Eduardo Tejera Copyright (c) 2020 Valentina Ramos, Carlos Ramos-Galarza, Eduardo Tejera Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 School violence and substance use in middle school Mexican students <p>A cross-sectional study conducted, involving 2211 adolescents from four public schools. A scale of school safety and psychoactive substance use was applied. The age was 13.6 years. Physical fights on school property were the most reported violent behavior, 44.1% participation in at least one fight in the school year. For school violence, there are many differences in terms of gender, grade, scores and school shift. In substance consumption, 33.6% reported having drunk a glass of alcohol in the last month, 14.3% reported having smoked tobacco cigars and 9.1% of marijuana (p &lt;.05). In substance use, there were only differences by grade, grades and school shift (p &lt;.05), not between sexes. Approximately 3 and 4 out of 10 adolescents, report risk behaviors, the results suggest prevention, prioritizing vulnerable groups, particularly men with a higher school grade, afternoon shift and low school grades.</p> Julio César Vázquez-Colunga, Mario Ángel-González, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Bertha Alicia Colunga-Rodríguez, Francisco Javier Pedroza-Cabrera, Claudia Liliana Vazquez-Juarez Copyright (c) 2020 CLAUDIA LILIANA VAZQUEZ JUAREZ, Mario Ángel González, Francisco Javier Pedroza Cabrera, Julio César Vázquez Colunga, Bertha Alicia Colunga Rodríguez Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500 Hacia un estudio científico de la creatividad <p><strong>Book Review</strong></p> <p>Romo, M. (2019).<em> Psicología de la Creatividad. Perspectivas contemporáneas</em>. Paidós</p> Julio César Penagos-Corzo Copyright (c) 2020 Julio César Penagos-Corzo Fri, 18 Dec 2020 00:00:00 -0500