Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology 2022-10-17T20:24:35-04:00 Fernando Andres Polanco Open Journal Systems <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> Structural analysis of the Beck Depression Inventory short version (BDI-13) 2021-08-26T11:09:25-04:00 Thais Emanuele Pessoa Tamyres Tomaz Paiva Isabella Leandra Silva Santos Carlos Eduardo Pimentel Tailson Evangelista Mariano <p>Depression is known as the disease of the century, being one of the most common mental disorders nowadays. We aimed to validate the reduced version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13) for Brazilian Portuguese. To achieve this goal, we conducted two studies. The first study (N = 268) had the purpose of knowing the exploratory factorial structure of the BDI-13 through the analysis of the main components, as well as the analysis of internal consistency. The results showed a one-dimensional structure comprising the 13 items. The second study (N = 250) aimed to confirm the structure present in the first study, testing alternative models of factorial structures, through confirmatory factor analysis. The results indicated that the most suitable model is the three-dimensional model, presenting the best indexes of adjustment. The present scale presented factor validity as well as adequate internal consistency for research purposes.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Thais Emanuele Pessoa, Tamyres Tomaz Paiva, Isabella Leandra Silva Santos, Carlos Eduardo Pimentel, Tailson Evangelista Mariano Association of impulsivity, risk taking and neurocognitive functioning with alcohol use in preadolescents and adolescents 2022-03-25T15:41:49-04:00 Gabriela Rivarola Montejano Angelina Pilatti Ricardo Marcos Pautassi <p>Underage drinking is associated with a wide range of negative consequences, including alterations in brain development and poor cognitive functioning. Personality traits linked to drinking include impulsivity, sensation seeking and risk taking. The present study examined, separately in preadolescents (11 to 13 years old) and adolescents (14 to 16 years old), the bivariate and multivariate relationship between impulsivity, risk taking, cognitive flexibility and alcohol consumption. Preadolescents and adolescents (<em>n</em> = 974; <em>M</em> age = 13.30 ± 0.955; 54.5% women; 56.5% preadolescents) of Cordoba (Argentina) completed a survey assessing trait-like impulsivity (UPPS-P Scale) and alcohol use. They also underwent the Balloon Analogue Risk Task, the Go/No-Go Task and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Trait-like impulsivity was significantly associated to substance use behaviors in preadolescents and adolescents. In the younger, but not in the older group, higher scores in risk taking and inattention explained higher frequency of alcohol use. In contrast, alcohol use in the adolescents was associated with diminished cognitive flexibility. The present study helps disentangle predictors of underage drinking at two stages of adolescence. Prevention and intervention strategies should attend the noted differences between preadolescents and adolescents.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gabriela Rivarola Montejano, Angelina Pilatti, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi Sleep and behavioral disturbances induced by epilepsy: Protective effect of Gabapentin 2021-05-26T19:43:17-04:00 Fructuoso Ayala Guerrero Graciela Mexicano Medina Angel Guerrero Carlos Alberto Gutiérrez Chávez Legna Alejandra Lazo Sánchez Erik Leonardo Mateos Salgado <p>Numerous sleep disturbances induced by nocturnal epilepsy have been reported. Gabapentin (GBP) is used as an adjuvant or as a monotherapeutic treatment as it induces significant improvement in patients with partial or secondaryly widespread focal seizures. In experimental animal models of epilepsy with pentilenetetrazole (PTZ), GBP protects against the generated seizures. The objective of this work was to investigate its effectiveness in protecting against motor and sleep disturbances caused by seizures. Polygraphic studies were conducted in male wistar rats, separated into 4 groups. After administration of saline solution, a check record was carried out on each group. Subsequently, one group received 50 mg/kg of PTZ, while the other three groups received 15, 30 or 60 mg/kg GBP, 30 minutes prior to PTZ administration. After administration of PTZ, electrophysiological and behavioral manifestations characterizing seizures were observed. In addition, surveillance states were significantly altered, increasing the amount of wakefulness, while sleep was inhibited over a period of time. The administration of increasing doses of GBP tended to inhibit the presence of abnormal motor behaviors, facilitating the presence of sleep.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fructuoso Ayala Guerrero, Graciela Mexicano Medina, Angel Guerrero, Carlos Alberto Gutiérrez Chávez, Legna Alejandra Lazo Sánchez, Erik Leonardo Mateos Salgado The conceptions of Intersexuality: a critical study of scientific production in Psychology 2022-04-02T12:24:08-04:00 Maria Laura Barros da Rocha Adélia Augusta Souto de Oliveira <p>The article discusses the conceptions of intersexuality in Psychology, from the completion of meta-synthesis scientific articles, indexed on the virtual platforms SciELO and PePSIC. The methodology is developed in sequential and complementary steps: exploration, refinement, crossing, description and interpretation. The databases were consulted using nine descriptors: <em>intersex, ambiguidade genital, genitalia ambigua, disturbio de diferenciação sexual, DDS, genital ambiguity, ambiguous genitalia, disorder of sex development e DSD.</em> The results indicated 160 articles, published until 2020, of which, at the end of the refinement and crossing stages, 13 were selected and interpreted. The preponderance of theoretical articles, case studies and interviews is asserted as the methodology of choice. The importance of research related to the subject in the field of Psychology is highlighted, whose publications still appear timidly in the analyzed databases. Among the themes discussed in the articles, the following stand out: the invisibility and silence of this population about their condition; the ethical aspects of surgical interventions and the multidisciplinary role in the clinic of intersexuality. Finally, the social and historical aspects related to the constructions of the concept of intersexuality are highlighted, a terminology that marks a break with the terms of the biomedical discursive model, emphasizing the psychosocial dimensions evoked by this expression.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Laura Barros da Rocha, Adélia Augusta Souto de Oliveira Parental Communication and the Sibling Relationship 2022-03-02T13:46:22-05:00 Nilza Rodrigues Inês Relva Otília Monteiro Fernandes <p>The main objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between parental communication and the quality of fraternal relationship in a sample of adolescents. In this sense, an exploratory, quantitative and transversal investigation was carried out, with a sample of 209 adolescents, with siblings, and a Sociobiographical Questionnaire, the Communication Assessment Scale in Parenthood and the Brother-Sister Questionnaire were applied in the classroom context. The results showed that there is a positive association between parental communication and empathy and similarities in fraternal relationship; whereas the expression of affection and emotional support towards the mother positively predicts the maintenance of limits in the fraternal relationship; and metacommunication negatively predicts the maintenance of boundaries between siblings.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nilza Rodrigues, Inês Relva, Otília Monteiro Fernandes Telepsychology for psychotherapists: lessons learned in times of Covid-19 2022-03-17T16:35:03-04:00 Claudio Rojas Jara Roberto Polanco-Carrasco Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez Catalina Muñoz-Vega Mariela Muñoz-Marabolí Tamara Luna-Gómez Tamara Muñoz-Torres <p>The necessary health measures proposed to mitigate the viral spread of SARS-CoV-2, such as physical distancing and quarantines, have had an impact not only on the mental health of the population but have also forced changes in the provision of psychological services. The present study aims to gather essential information on the concept, advantages, disadvantages, uses and recommendations of telepsychology in times of COVID-19. To this end, a systematic review of the scientific evidence available in the Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science databases was carried out. Among the results, accessibility, reduction of stigma and flexibility in its application are highlighted. Limitations such as insecurity of data privacy, access barriers and low clinical training in the competencies required for this format are also mentioned. On the other hand, favorable evidence was found for its use in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, panic and agoraphobia, generalized anxiety, and trauma. It is concluded that psychotherapeutic intervention through telepsychology, in consideration of certain recommendations and critical suggestions, can offer satisfactory results for the patient and therapist and be suitable for various age ranges and disorders.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claudio Rojas-Jara, Roberto Polanco-Carrasco, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez, Catalina Muñoz-Vega, Mariela Muñoz-Marabolí, Tamara Luna-Gómez, Tamara Muñoz-Torres Ideology and Political Cynicism: Effects of Authoritarianism and Social Dominance on Perceptions about the Political System in 11 Ibero-American Countries 2021-12-23T07:37:02-05:00 Agustín Espinosa Manuel Pacheco Erika Janos Yorelis Acosta Edilberto Álvarez-Galeano Jaime Berenguer Victor Jiménez-Benítez Harry Lewis Maria Lily Maric Julián Martínez Elvira Riba Juan Carlos Romero Salvador Sandoval Juan Valencia-Moya Angela Vera-Ruíz <p>This study investigates; (1) how Political Cynicism is structured and, (2) how this structure relates to Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) in 11 Ibero-American countries (N=2388). The results show that the structure of Political Cynicism is composed of four dimensions: (1) Mistrust, (2) Perception of Corruption, (3) Need for Change and, (4) Political Moral Laxity. Furthermore, the study reveals that there is no homogeneous model of relations between the dimensions of Political Cynicism with RWA and SDO by country. However, at a general level it is noted that Mistrust acts as a diffuse indicator of dissatisfaction with the political system that increases Political Moral Laxity, while the Perception of Corruption, functions as a specific indicator of dissatisfaction that is directly associated with the Need for Change and, inversely, to Moral Laxity. Both RWA and SDO increase the negative manifestations of Political Cynicism, but the most interesting result is the stability of the observed relationship between SDO and Moral Laxity in 10 of the 11 countries considered in the study. The results are discussed in terms of the costs that Political Cynicism represents for the consolidation of Democracy, especially in its manifestation of moral laxity.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Agustín Espinosa, Manuel Pacheco, Erika Janos, Yorelis Acosta, Edilberto Álvarez-Galeano, Jaime Berenguer, Victor Jiménez-Benítez, Harry Lewis, Maria Lily Maric, Julián Martínez, Elvira Riba, Juan Carlos Romero, Salvador Sandoval, Juan Valencia-Moya, Angela Vera-Ruíz History of Psychology in Brazil: the different meanings of degeneration (1903-1930) 2021-12-08T10:33:30-05:00 Alexandre de Carvalho Castro Cristiana Facchinetti <p>The purpose of this article is to analyze the records related to the diagnosis of degeneration (concept derived from Traité des dégénérescences, by Bénedict-Augustin Morel, published in 1857), based on documents from institutions for the insane according to the Assistência aos Alienados no Brasil program (Brazilian Assistance to Individuals with Mental Illnesses). The aim of this work, with a theoretical framework, is to assess interpretative asymmetries related to theories of degeneration at the beginning of the 20th century. Emphasis is given to the particularities of interpretation of the theory of degeneration in the Brazil, which may be attributed to the policies introduced by the newly settled Republic regarding racial mixing in the local society as a result of the trafficking of enslaved Africans before the abolition of slavery (1888). Intellectuals started to explain the Brazilian reality through race, which often led to the diagnosis of people’s degeneration of psychophysiological nature. However, according to a diachronic perspective, the term “degeneration” has had different meanings, mainly within the period covered by this article, during which Juliano Moreira, a doctor with black and white ancestry and a Kraepelin scholar, occupied the role of director of the Hospício Nacional de Alienados (National Institute for Individuals with Mental Illnesses), from 1903 to 1930.</p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alexandre de Carvalho Castro, Cristiana Facchinetti Mobilize, invent and intervene in the University context: research, prevention and intervention as actions against the pandemic COVID - 19 2021-05-13T15:34:41-04:00 Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela Laura Cristina de Toledo Quadros Claudia Carneiro da Cunha <p>This text presents the initiatives of a public University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during the first moments of the Covid-19 pandemic. It seeks to point out how, in a brief period of time, marked by many intensities due to a new pandemic, numerous activities related to the history of the Institute of Psychology and the University that houses it were organized. As this is an experience report, it describes research, intervention and extension activities carried out by its faculty and students, analyzing the impacts of each one of them not only to the outside world but also to the inside of the institution in its continuous development process facing social demands and historical challenges. The results of this work reveal the major purpose of the University in fulfilling its social commitments and enforcing the tripod of teaching, assistance and research, benefiting the university community, but especially the disadvantaged social groups linked to it. </p> 2022-08-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela, Laura Cristina de Toledo Quadros, Claudia Carneiro da Cunha