Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology 2020-05-17T03:01:16-04:00 Fernando Andres Polanco Open Journal Systems <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> Death row last statements: a phenomenological analysis 2020-02-12T15:55:56-05:00 Álvaro Málaga Ana R. Delgado <p>This paper describes a phenomenological analysis whose goal is to learn the experience of death row inmates from their last statements. The sample is composed of 61 transcriptions from people executed by the U.S. state of Texas between 2011 and 2017, that were analyzed thematically. Among the main themes we found affection, religious belief, regret, acceptance, gratefulness and sense of closure. Most themes were of positive valence, which is coherent with previous research results. Because we used an experiential and descriptive method, the assessment of methodological integrity is uncomplicated.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ana R. Delgado Homoparental family, homophobic bullying and school context: the search for new meanings 2019-11-04T04:34:35-05:00 Maria Ivone Marchi-Costa Rosa Maria Stefanini de Macedo <p>Although the homoparental family is growing, it is still a target of prejudice in our society. This study aims to report research conducted with 8 education professionals whose goal was to know the meanings that education professionals attribute to the homoparental family and their children's experiences in the school context. The instrument used was the dialogic interview and the results show the subjects recognize the homoparental family as a legitimate family model, with skills to raise their children. However, most of them are prejudiced and don´t feel prepared to deal with students from such families, with the homophobic bullying they experience and the prejudice of parents and the community. Thus, they request training. The analysis and articulation between the speeches of the participants, social constructionism and gender show that such issues demonstrate a naturalistic heteronormative view of sexuality and family. This study concluded that the social construction's speeches promoted new meanings to sexuality, identity categories, social inclusion, family, and training.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Ivone Marchi-Costa, Rosa Maria Stefanini de Macedo Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the ‘Sense of Coherence Scale’ in Schoolchildren 2020-03-31T23:13:29-04:00 Gabriele Rissotto Menegazzo Jessica Klöckner Knorst Fernanda Ruffo Ortiz Fernanda Tomazoni Thiago Machado Ardenghi <p>The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of Sense of Coherence scale (SOC-13) in schoolchildren. This is a cross-sectional study that included eight to fourteen years-old schoolchildren. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for SOC-13 measurement presented questionable results (0.63) and the Intra-Class Correlation Coefficient of 0.70 was statistically significant between different time points (p&lt;0.01). Regarding the construct validity, significant values were observed between the SOC-13 components scores and the overall scale score. In the Confirmatory Factorial Analysis, the latent variable was related, through the standard factorial loads, to the other items of the questionnaire. We can conclude that the Brazilian version of SOC-13 showed adequate psychometric properties in a school-age population.</p> 2020-04-29T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Gabriele Rissotto Menegazzo, Jessica Klöckner Knorst, Fernanda Ruffo Ortiz, Fernanda Tomazoni, Thiago Machado Ardenghi Scientific publication of psychology thesis advisors from 30 Peruvian universities 2020-02-29T15:04:56-05:00 Oscar Javier Mamani Benito Araseli Verastegui-Diaz Christian Mejia Alvarez Tomás Caycho-Rodriguez <p>The objective was to determine the frequency of scientific publication of 231 psychology thesis advisors from 30 Peruvian universities, through a cross-sectional study. The results reveal that 58,4% have never published a scientific article; Only 26.8% have done so in the last three years and 18.2% in the last five years. 23.8% have managed to publish in journals indexed in SciELO and 14.7% in Scopus. In 10 of the 30 universities, more than 50% of the teachers had published a scientific article and only 2 to 5 universities had teachers who have published in the last 3 and 5 years. It is concluded that the scientific production of thesis advisors in psychology in Peru is low. This can have an impact on the generation of knowledge validated by the scientific community and, therefore, on the loss of opportunities for the development of a Peruvian psychology based on scientific evidence that meet the needs of the country.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Oscar Javier Mamani Benito, Araseli Verastegui-Diaz, Christian Mejia Alvarez, Tomás Caycho-Rodriguez Neurofeedback in fibromyalgia for the treatment of depression and anxiety 2020-03-15T13:04:23-04:00 Carlos Barbosa Torres Sixto Cubo Delgado María Luisa Bermejo García Florencio Vicente Castro <p>In the present work we found a study on neurofeedback in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. This syndrome brings together a large number of very diverse symptoms, ranging from chronic pain, chronic fatigue to sleep problems. Although it is an idiopathic syndrome, multiple studies suggest that its origin is related to the Central Sensitization Syndrome (SSC). We conducted a training through neurofeedback whose purpose is to improve the variables anxiety and depression. We use a standardized protocol of sensorimotor rhythms (SMR) that can improve the stability of the cerebral cortex, the training of these waves affect the dopaminergic system which in turn is related to the facilitation of positive emotions. The results show that neurofeedback improves significantly depression and anxiety disorders.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Carlos Barbosa Torres, Sixto Cubo Delgado, María Luisa Bermejo García, Florencio Vicente Castro Psychological Approach to COVID-19: A Narrative Review of the Latin American Experience 2020-04-28T13:33:35-04:00 Hernán Scholten Vanetza E. Quezada-Scholz Gonzalo Salas Nicol A. Barria-Asenjo Rodrigo Molina José E. García María Teresa Juliá Jorquera Arturo Marinero Heredia Alba Zambrano Esteban Gómez Muzzio Ariadna Cheroni Felitto Tomás Caycho-Rodriguez Teresa Reyes Gallardo Nicolás Pinochet Mendoza Pitágoras José Binde Jamadier Esteban Uribe Muñoz Claudio Rojas Jara Johana Andrea Bernal Estupiñan Francisco Somarriva <p>In view of the rapid expansion of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) throughout the planet, this article presents a set of proposals developed by Latin American psychologists who seek to address this phenomenon from a regional perspective. In this sense, topics such as the problem of overinformation and the impact of health protocols on mental health in different areas and sectors of the population are presented. It is proposed here, in addition to gathering some knowledge provided by previous research and disseminating a set of resources to mitigate or palliate the effects of the pandemic, to contribute with some reflections regarding the role of psychologists as health professionals in this critical situation, as well as to warn or appeal to the corresponding national and international organizations.</p> 2020-05-05T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hernán Scholten, Vanetza E. Quezada-Scholz, Gonzalo Salas, Nicol A. Barria-Asenjo, Rodrigo Molina, José E. García, María Teresa Juliá Jorquera, Arturo Marinero Heredia, Alba Zambrano, Esteban Gómez Muzzio, Ariadna Cheroni Felitto, Tomás Caycho-Rodriguez, Teresa Reyes Gallardo, Nicolás Pinochet Mendoza, Pitágoras José Binde, Jamadier Esteban Uribe Muñoz, Claudio Rojas Jara, Johana Andrea Bernal Estupiñan, Francisco Somarriva Community Resilience Scale: Analysis of Psychometric Aspects and Relationships with Criminal Victimization in Mexican University Students 2020-03-31T20:08:14-04:00 Jose Ignacio Ruiz-Perez Elsy Claudia Chan-Gamboa Luz Anyela Morales-Quintero Hiram Reyes-Sosa <p>The aim of the study was to determine the psychometric of the Community Resilience Scale (CRS, Ruiz, 2015) in two non-random samples (total n=2500) of university students from three Mexican cities. Method: The study was divided into 2 samples. Study 1 is a psychometric approach to determine the internal and factorial reliability of the Community Resilience Scale (CRS) in a sample of n=1007 Mexican university students. In Study 2, the sample was comprised of 1525 Mexican students from the same cities and institutions as those in sample 1. Results: In the first sample high internal reliability was found in the scale (statistic?), with three items being excluded. A factor solution comprising three dimensions was found: coping, humor and creativity, and collective-self-esteem, with suitable adjustment indices, replicated in a confirmatory analysis with the second sample. Moreover, it was found that a) the more victimization events, the lower the levels of community resilience, and b) the greater the collective humor, the lower the inclination to change place of residence and work. Conclusions: Results are discussed in relation to previous studies with the CRS and the impact of violence on the social fabric.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 JOSE IGNACIO RUIZ-PEREZ, ELSY CLAUDIA CHAN-GAMBOA, LUZ ANYELA MORALES-QUINTERO, HIRAM REYES-SOSA Impact of attachment and traits of psychopathy on addictive behaviors of adolescents 2020-04-01T00:25:28-04:00 Ana Rita Silva Inês Carvalho Relva Alice Margarida Simões <p>The present study examines the relationship between substance use (measured by DAST), parenting and peer grouping (as measured by IPPA-R) as well as a set of psychopathic traits (assessed through the YPI-RE). The sample consisted of 317 adolescents who attended public schools in the northern region of the country. The results suggest a predictive effect of the traits of psychopathy in adolescent drug use. They also suggest a higher average consumption for adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age, and the analyzes did not reveal significant differences in consumption relative to the adolescent sex. They also suggest a negative correlation between drug use and the dimensions of the attachment evaluated.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ana Rita Silva, Inês Carvalho Relva, Alice Margarida Simões The Consideration of Future Consequences: psychometric properties, geographical distribution and association with substance use in a representative sample of Montevideo, Uruguay 2020-03-30T20:06:45-04:00 Lucía Stephanie Alvarez-Nuñez Hugo Selma Alejandro Vásquez-Echeverría <p>The Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale assesses the degree to which people are influenced by the immediate or distant consequences of their behaviors. In a representative sample of Montevideo, the aim of this study is to explore its psychometric properties, establish its population scales, explore its territorial distribution and evaluate the associations of the CFC with the consumption of drugs. In this study, the two-factor solution provides better fit, with adequate reliability. The CFC present significant differences according to age and sex, for which specific scales are offered. Likewise, we found mixed evidence on their territorial distribution and a small effect size on the consumption of some substances. Results are discussed based on the role of the CFC to explain behavior with intertemporal consequences.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Lucía Stephanie Alvarez-Nuñez, Alejandro Vásquez Echeverría, Hugo Selma Attitudes Towards Statistics as Study Matter and Tool for Data Analysis 2020-02-29T15:19:34-05:00 Siufong Acón Araya Marianela Salazar Ramos <p>A quantitative research, non-experimental design and descriptive scope was conducted with a sample of 303 students from the Faculties of Exact Sciences, Health Sciences and Social Sciences (Universidad Latina de Costa Rica), in which was sought to recognize the attitudes they have towards statistics as a subject of study and as a tool for understanding everyday situations. The scale of Estrada (2002) was used. Reliability α = 0.87 was obtained. It is determined that the main dimension regarding the perception of statistics is the affective one. Positive attitudes toward statistics were more frequently found in students of exact sciences, even though all students consider that statistics not only serve this group.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Siufong Acón Araya, Marianela Salazar Ramos Coping with the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic in the Americas: recommendations and guidelines for mental health 2020-05-14T13:30:55-04:00 Miguel Gallegos Carlos Zalaquett Sandra Elizabeth Luna Sánchez Rodrigo Mazo-Zea Blanca Ortiz-Torres Julio C. Penagos-Corzo Nelson Portillo Ivelisse Torres Fernández Alfonso Urzúa Melissa Morgan Consoli Fernando Andres Polanco Ana María Florez Rodrigo Lopes Miranda <pre style="text-align: justify;">On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic caused by Covid-19, a disease that affects both the physical and mental health of people infected with the virus, as well the health personnel who assist them. Given the limited availability of guides and recommendations prepared by psychological institutions at a continental level to face the effects on mental health, researchers from the Inter-American Society of Psychology (SIP) have created some recommendations on different psychological issues and problems relate to the disease and pandemic. To accomplish this this, a systematic review of the scientific literature on mental health issues caused by this type of pandemic was carried out. Based on the information recovered and analyzed from various scientific databases (PsycInfo, Scielo, Redalyc and Dialnet), documentary sources from national and international mental health organizations, consultation with experts in mental health and various scientific investigations, we have created the following guiding document for facing the emotional and psychosocial consequences of Covid-19. It is hoped that this contribution will be useful in guiding both laypeople and professional psychologists, and will become a tool to support decision-making in psychological organizations and public health government agencies of different countries of the Americas.</pre> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Miguel Gallegos, Carlos Zalaquett, Sandra Elizabeth Luna Sánchez, Rodrigo Mazo-Zea, Blanca Ortiz-Torres, Julio C. Penagos-Corzo, Nelson Portillo, Ivelisse Torres Fernández, Alfonso Ursúa, Melissa Morgan Consoli, Fernando Andres Polanco, Ana María Florez, Rodrigo Lopes Miranda Untangling the Environment: Values and Affects Associated with Animals by Students of Psychology in Buenos Aires, Argentina 2020-03-30T02:46:41-04:00 Rocío Alejandra Díaz Federico Sánchez Marcelo Hernán Cassini <p>The environment has traditionally been considered as a unitary entity without paying attention to the different elements that compose it (soil, water, atmosphere, flora, fauna and the processes that interrelate them). For this reason, the assignment of biocentric or anthropocentric motivations to people has been made in relation to the global environment. This research pays attention to one of the elements of the environment, animals, which has been neglected in environmental concern studies. Biocentric responses were more prevalent in opinions about zoos than in opinions about environmental issues. This positive assessment of animals is qualified when considering the responses on preference, fear and disgust for different animal species: (i) mammals are preferred and arthropods are rejected (comparison between taxonomic groups); and (ii) exotic species absent from Argentina ecosystems are preferred, and common species are rejected. The role that the empathic processes is discussed.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rocío Alejandra Díaz, Federico Sánchez, Verónica Sevillano, Marcelo Hernán Cassini Symptomatology associated with mental health disorders in health workers in Paraguay: COVID-19 effect 2020-05-11T00:22:58-04:00 Antonio Samaniego Alfonso Urzúa Marcelo Buenahora Pablo Vera-Villarroel <p>COVID-19 disease has not only led to a collapse of the health system and the death of thousands of people but is also having an impact on the health of those who are providing care for those infected. In this context, the aim of this research was to determine prevalences of depression, anxiety, insomnia, distress and compassionate fatigue, as well as factors related to the presence of symptoms associated with these disorders in healthcare workers. For this, 126 health professionals from Paraguay were surveyed online, of which 83% were women, with an average age in the total sample of 32 years. The questionnaires PHQ-9 for depression, GAD-7 for anxiety, ISI-7 for insomnia, IES-R for distress and the module of compassion fatigue of ProQOL - CSF-vIV were applied. It was found that the percentages of participants who reported symptoms classified as moderate and severe were 32.2% for depression, 41.3% for anxiety, 27.8% for insomnia, 38.9% for distress and 64.3% for compassion fatigue. In addition, women and younger people were at greater risk for symptoms. The data provide evidence for the need to establish prevention or intervention strategies to cope with mental health problems in health professionals.</p> 2020-05-05T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Samaniego, Alfonso Urzúa, Marcelo Buenahora, Pablo Vera-Villarroel Emotional Regulation and Social Functioning in Patients with Schizophrenia 2020-04-16T17:04:20-04:00 Dulce Romero-Ayuso José García Arenas <p>Introduction: Social disability is present in more than 50% of patients with schizophrenia after clinical remission. How emotional processing differs between patients with high and low social functioning has not been studied so far.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, with 67 outpatients. The Social Functioning Scale and the Emotional Intelligence Test were used.</p> <p>Results: Statistically significant differences were found in Emotional Facilitation (<em>p</em>=0.007; <em>d</em>=0.74), in Emotional Management (<em>p</em>=0.003; <em>d</em>=0.83) and in all dimensions of social functioning, with a difference of up to 45.43 points between the groups.</p> <p>Conclusions: The results contribute to the understanding of the role played by emotional facilitation and regulation in social functioning.</p> 2020-04-16T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dulce Romero-Ayuso, José García Arenas Psychology in Latin America: Current status, challenges and perspectives 2020-05-15T20:44:32-04:00 Andrés M. Pérez-Acosta Andrés J. Consoli <p><strong>Book Review:</strong></p> <p>Ardila, R. (Ed.) (2018). <em>Psychology in Latin America: Current status, challenges and perspectives</em>. Cham, Suiza: Springer Nature.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Andrés M. Pérez-Acosta, Andrés J. Consoli Welcome to the new Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology 2020-05-13T17:35:33-04:00 Fernando Andres Polanco Aída Mencía-Ripley Melissa L. Morgan Roberto Polanco-Carrasco Rodrigo Lopes Miranda Ramiro Tau <p>With the current issue, we welcome a new editorial policy for the Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology. We are proud of our history and would like to thank all past editors and members of the scientific committee who have made an effort in maintaining the journal, which to date has published contributions of some of the most important psychologists of the Americas and the world. It is our hope we will build upon those contributions that have been in the making for more than half a century with the new phase we begin today. We are honored that the selection committee and the board of directors of the Interamerican Psychological Society have entrusted us with this new editorial vision.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Fernando Andres Polanco, Aída Mencía-Ripley, Melissa L. Morgan, Roberto Polanco-Carrasco, Rodrigo Lopes Miranda, Ramiro Tau