Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP <p>The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología en-US Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology 0034-9690 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> Identity dimensions between peasants from a brazilian rural community https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1174 <p>Referenced by the Theory of Social Identity, the investigation aimed to identify the elements that compose the identity dimensions, based on belonging to the social category of rurality. Individual interviews were carried out with 200 members of four generations from a rural community, aged between 07 and 81 years old, conducted from a structured script. The data was analyzed using the varimax rotation method and the Descending Hierarchical Classification, respectively, with the aid of the SPSS and Alceste softwares. The results indicated antitheses that support oppositions between the two territories: (1) 'self-sustainability vs. capitalist mode of production', (2) 'equality vs. inequality', (3) 'familiarity vs. non-familiarity' and (4) 'happy life vs. sad life'. Strategies for maintaining the peasant social identity in the contemporary social context are discussed.</p> Mariana Bonomo Lídio de Souza (in memoriam) Eliana Zandonade Copyright (c) 2020 Mariana Bonomo, Lídio de Souza (in memoriam), Eliana Zandonade http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-28 2020-08-28 54 2 e1174 e1174 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1174 Exploring the Psychological Impact of the Deportation Process on Mexican Immigrants https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1004 <p>The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the psychological impact of the deportation process on Mexican immigrants. This study used a phenomenological approach to analyze interviews with 10 individuals who were deported from the United States. Data analysis revealed the presence of three main categories: <em>Deportation Trauma</em>, <em>Starting Over</em>, and <em>Emotional Scars</em>. The first main category, <em>The Trauma of Deportation</em>, was divided into two sub-categories: <em>Fear of the unknown</em> and <em>Feeling vulnerable</em>. The second main category, <em>Starting Over</em>, was divided into three sub-categories: <em>Feeling like a failure</em>, <em>Adjusting to a new life</em>, and <em>Unrealized dreams</em>. The last main category, <em>Emotional Scars</em>, was divided into two sub-categories: <em>Depression</em> and <em>Sadness.</em> Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are also presented.</p> Anna López Ivelisse Torres Fernández Jessica Rodríguez Jesús Cisneros Juventino Castro Copyright (c) 2020 Anna L Lopez, Ivelisse Torres Fernandez, Jessica Rodriguez-Herrera, Jesus Cisneros, Juventino Vazquez-Castro http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 54 2 e1004 e1004 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1004 Intolerance of uncertainty over COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on anxiety and depressive symptoms https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1335 <p>As the COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented uncertain situation, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of intolerance of uncertainty over COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms during the quarantine. The study was conducted with 3805 Argentinean participants, who fulfilled the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a modified version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. Regression analyses indicated a significant effect of intolerance of uncertainty on anxiety and on depressive symptoms. A minor effect of age and gender was also found. Young women with greater intolerance of uncertainty showed the highest levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Even though uncertainty distress is an understandable reaction to the current situation, these psychological effects should be monitored.</p> Macarena Verónica del Valle María Laura Andrés Sebastián Urquijo Matías Yerro-Avincetto Hernán López-Morales Lorena Canet-Juric Copyright (c) 2020 Macarena Verónica del Valle, María Laura Andrés, Sebastián Urquijo, Matías Yerro-Avincetto, Hernán López-Morales, Lorena Canet-Juric http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 54 2 e1335 e1335 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1335 Development of sexual assertiveness and its function for human sexuality: a literature review https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/948 <p>The aim of this paper was to present a literature review on sexual assertiveness (SA), on factors and life experiences that are associated with its development, and on its function in human sexuality. It was found that demographic variables (e.g., age, education, gender), sexual experiences (e.g., type of partnership, sexual victimization), psychosexual issues (e.g., sexual functioning, body self-esteem, emotion regulation, resourcefulness) and cultural factors (e.g., sexual scripts, gender stereotypes) might positively or negatively contribute to SA. Furthermore, the outcomes of SA for both individuals and intimate relationships are presented. Based on this review, it is concluded that although SA could be fostered by training programs, cultural factors still withhold many individuals from reaching a satisfactory level of SA. Finally, recommendations about how to further the study of SA are presented.</p> Silvia Lucía López Alvarado Hanna Van Parys Elena Jerves Paul Enzlin Copyright (c) 2020 Silvia Lucía López Alvarado, Hanna Van Parys, Elena Jerves, Paul Enzlin http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-09-10 2020-09-10 54 2 e948 e948 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.948 Child sexual abuse by representatives of the Catholic Church: The Chilean case https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1315 <p>This research aims to describe the characteristics of a group of 21 victims of sexual abuse by a representative of the Catholic Church in Chile. The characteristics of the sexual victimization and the perpetrator, the disclosure and notification, and the experience of other forms of victimization by non-clergy were evaluated. The results show that the abuses began at puberty, included behaviors with physical contact, were committed by men, mainly priests, and were revealed by the victims in adulthood, reported to the Church itself. Most victims also suffered maltreatment by their parents or primary caregivers and sexual abuse by other people, making them poly-victims and underscoring the seriousness of these cases.</p> Lorena Contreras Taibo Francisco Maffioletti Celedón Noemí Pereda Beltrán Copyright (c) 2020 Lorena Contreras Taibo, Francisco Maffioletti Celedón, Noemí Pereda Beltrán http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 54 2 e1315 e1315 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1315 Development and validation of the Social Rejection Expectations Scale (SRE) https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/871 <p>The social performance of individuals is influenced by the expectations that people have about the outcome of their behavior, since these allow us to anticipate the future and plan courses of action. The expectations of social rejection have been defined as thoughts that anticipate the possibility of being rejected in an interpersonal situation. When they are frequent can bring a number of difficulties in the social life of people. The aim of this study was to build the Social Rejection Expectations Scale (SRE) for the adult population. First, 51 preliminary items were submitted to expert judgment (N = 6) to obtain evidence of content validity. Second, using an accidental sampling, an exploratory (N = 320) and confirmatory factor analysis (N = 458) was performed. As a result, a final scale was obtained, consisting of 27 items distributed in three factors named as Expectations of rejection in situations with known people, Expectations of rejection in situations of establishment of new relationships and Expectations of rejection in public places and with unknown people. The internal consistency of the scale was evaluated, obtaining very good and excellent coefficients for each factor (from .71 to .88). Finally, significant positive correlations were obtained between the scales of the test and different measures of social anxiety. It can be concluded that the SRE is a valid and reliable instrument for the evaluation of expectations of social rejection in the adult population, being a useful tool in research and diagnosis.</p> Valeria Estefania Morán Fabian Orlando Olaz Copyright (c) 2020 Valeria Estefania Morán, Fabian Orlando Olaz http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 54 2 e871 e871 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.871 Interpersonal Reactivity Index: Cultural adaptation and psychometric analysis in undergraduate Colombian students https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1213 <p>A cultural validation of the Interpersonal Reactivity Inventory (IRI) was carried out, translating into Spanish and reviewing its psychometrical properties, evaluating two-factor, four-factor and four-factor + one general-factor models. 386 university students participated in a non-probabilistic sampling (18 - 30 years old, M=20.2; SD=2.6). The reliability of the dimensions was adequate (Cronbach's alpha 0.66 &lt;α &lt;0.78; McDonald's Omega 0.70 &lt;Ω &lt;0.80). Confirmatory Factor Analysis showed good fit to four-factor model and for four-factor + one general-factor model and insufficient in two-factor model. Women showed higher scores in affective dimensions whereas men showed higher scores in cognitive dimensions. IRI 22 items reduced version shows good psychometric properties in young Colombian population.</p> Reynel Chaparro Carlos Alejandro Pineda-Roa Copyright (c) 2020 Reynel Chaparro, Carlos Alejandro Pineda-Roa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-09-10 2020-09-10 54 2 e1213 e1213 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1213 Perfectionism, psychological well-being and dispositional flow in nurses https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1016 <p>The objective of this research was to evaluate the relationship between perfectionism, psychological well-being and dispositional flow in nurses. A quantitative study with descriptive-correlational scope was designed. The sample consisted of 150 nurses (mean age = 41.95, <em>SD</em> = 11.24) who were working in public and private health institutions of Caracas. The variables were measured with self-report instruments. Descriptive statistics and bivariate correlations were used in the analysis of the data. Moderate levels of perfectionism were found, along with high levels of well-being and flow. Perfectionism was positively related to well-being and dispositional flow (<em>p</em> &lt; .01). The results highlight the psychological adjustment of the nursing staff and contradict the prevailing negative view on perfectionism.</p> Diorelis Josefina Colmenares Leonardo Andrés Aguilar Copyright (c) 2020 Diorelis Josefina Colmenares, Leonardo Andrés Aguilar http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-28 2020-08-28 54 2 e1016 e1016 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1016 Environmental Values as Mediators of the Influence of Altruism and Frugality over Material Sacrifice https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1001 <p>One of the greatest challenges in the study of environmental values ​​is the understanding of the dynamic relationships between different beliefs and attitudes capable of constituting a network of influence on consumption behavior, among them the disposition to material sacrifice. For the present study, 391 Brazilian participants, with a mean age of M = 35.39 (SD = 12.5), 148 (37.9%) males, and 243 (62.1%) females, responded to the Material Sacrifice Scale, Relatedness to Nature Scale, Frugality Scale, Self-Reported Altruism Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Bivariate analyzes indicate that material sacrifice has positive correlations with the dimensions of all the measures employed, including frugality and altruism. In the multivariate model, it was observed that environmental values ​​serve as mediators of the impact of frugality and altruism on material sacrifice, with the final model reaching satisfactory adjustment for the complexity of its structure, which includes a complete metric model.</p> Pedro Paulo Pires Julia Mulinari Peixoto Rodolfo de Castro Ribas Jr. Marcos Aguiar de Souza Copyright (c) 2020 Pedro P. Pires, Julia Mulinari Peixoto, Rodolfo de Castro Ribas Jr., Marcos Aguiar de Souza http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 54 2 e1001 e1001 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1001 Mental health, confinement, and coronavirus concerns: a qualitative study https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1333 <p>This qualitative study explores the meanings and experiences of COVID-19 concerns, confinement and its relationship to mental health. It included 20 semi-structured interviews to 10 men and 10 women. It was found that there´re people concerned about their own health and their loved ones´. This can trigger psychosomatic reactions and anxiety. Other people underestimate the graveness of COVID-19 because they don´t consider themselves vulnerable. To be recurrently exposed to media information is stressful, so some people avoid it. Economic concern is also relevant due to reduced access to labor market and the suspension or decrease of income. Some informants are experiencing alterations in their eating and sleeping habits. Even though confinement limits leisure events, the informants have engaged in individual and familiar recreational activities.</p> Gabriela Vásquez Óscar Rolando Urtecho-Osorto Maitée Agüero-Flores Miguel José Díaz Martínez Rosa María Paguada Melody Anette Varela Miguel Landa-Blanco Yaraní Echenique Copyright (c) 2020 Gabriela Vásquez, Óscar Rolando Urtecho-Osorto, Maitée Agüero-Flores, Miguel José Díaz Martínez, Rosa María Paguada, Melody Anette Varela, Miguel Landa-Blanco, Yaraní Echenique http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 54 2 e1333 e1333 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1333 Can optimism mediate the negative effect of trait anxiety on psychological well-being? https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/916 <p>The objective of the study was to evaluate the mediating effect of optimism in the anxiety-trait relationship and psychological well-being in higher education students. The sample consisted of 332 students of higher education in Antofagasta, Chile, with an average age of 21.8 years. It is found that the negative effect of anxiety-trait on the dimensions of psychological well-being diminishes when incorporating optimism in the regression. It is concluded that optimism has a partial mediating effect on the dimensions of psychological well-being, except in personal growth, where it exercises total mediation.</p> Andrés Gutiérrez-Carmona Carolina Alday Mondaca Alfonso Urzúa Anna Wlodarczyk Copyright (c) 2020 Andrés Antonio Gutiérrez Carmona http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 54 2 e916 e916 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.916 Exposure to Abusive and Supporting Environments and Empathy in Portuguese Adolescents https://journal.sipsych.org/index.php/IJP/article/view/1245 <p>The present investigation aims to analyze an association between exposure to abusive / supportive environments and empathy; explore how differences between exposures in abusive / supportive environments and empathy in terms of sociodemographic variables (gender, age of adolescents and whether or not they have siblings). A sample was altered by 728 Portuguese adolescents aged between 12 and 20 years. In the data collection, the Brief Version of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES-A) inventory, exposure to abusive environments and support to the parents' inventory (EASE-PI) and a sociodemographic questionnaire were applied. This investigation emphasizes the importance of health and education professionals, as an effective way to reduce cases of exposure to abusive environments, enabling the creation of preventive measures.</p> Daniela Mariana Carvalho Martins Alice Margarida Simões Inês Carvalho Relva Copyright (c) 2020 Daniela Mariana Carvalho Martins, Alice Margarida Simões, Inês Carvalho Relva http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-29 2020-08-29 54 2 e1245 e1245 10.30849/ripijp.v54i2.1245