Children of two Mexican communities (one more identified with the traditional Mexican system of values than the other) were tested with the Portable Rod and Frame Test. Their mothers were interviewed and a socialization questionnaire was administered to them. It was predicted that children from the community which was most identified with the traditional Mexican system of values would be the most field dependent in cognitive style and that their mothers would more frequently agree with items of a socialization questionnaire which reflected attitudes and behaviors of the field dependent “socialization” cluster. The results supported both hypotheses, although differences between mothers of the two communities on the socialization questionnaire were not significant. The socialization results also showed a need for modification of the field dependent "socialization” cluster for study of cognitive style development in the Mexican culture, particularly in those communities which are more identified with the traditional Mexican system of values.
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