Psychology, Interamerican
Psychosocial factors associated with perceived social support in Brazilian older people


perceived social support
psychosocial factors
older people

How to Cite

Patrão, A. L., Alves, V. P., & Neiva, T. S. (2018). Psychosocial factors associated with perceived social support in Brazilian older people. Revista Interamericana De Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 52(2).


The social support has been reported as playing an important role in the older people life due to its protection effect for health in this specific people. This paper aims to identify psychosocial predictors for perceived social support in Brazilian older people. The sample is constituted by 144 patients (M age=69.3; SD=6.61). The data were collected through a questionnaire that included sociodemographic questions and scales for psychological variables (e.g. self-efficacy) studied. Lower age, higher level of education, being married or living in a stable union, low levels or absence of depression and high levels of self-efficacy are significant predictors of perceived social support in older people who were studied. Future interventions in older people health promotion context may consider these determinants.


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.

Bardi, S., Lorenzoni, G., & Gregori, D. (2016). Social support to elderly pacemaker patients improves device acceptance and quality of life. European Geriatric Medicine, article in press. doi: 10.1016/j.eurger.2016.02.001

Barrett, A.E. (1999). Social support and life satisfaction among the never married. Research on Aging, 21(1), 46-72. doi: 10.1177/0164027599211003

Bowling, A. (2011). Do older and younger people differ in their reported well-being? A national survey of adults in Britain. Family Practice, 28(2), 145–155. doi:10.1093/fampra/cmq082

Brito, T.R.P., & Pavarini, S.C. (2012). The relationship between social support and functional capacity in elderly persons with cognitive alterations. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem, 20(4), 1-8. doi:org/10.1590/S0104-11692012000400007

Carstensen, L. L. (1987). Age-related changes in social activity. In L. L. Carstensen & B. A. Edelstein (Eds.), Handbook of clinical gerontology (pp. 222–237). Elmsford: Pergamon Press

Carstensen, L. L. (1992). Social and emotional patterns in adulthood: Support for socioemotional selectivity theory. Psychology and Aging, 7, 331–338. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.7.3.331

Cutrona, C.E., & Russell, D.W. (1987). The provisions of social relationships and adaptation to stress. Advances in Personal Relationships, 1, 37-67.

Drame, M., Mahmoudi, R., Jolly, D., Rapin, A., Morrone, I., Boyer, F.C., … Novella, J.L. (2013). Social support and six-month outcome among elderly patients hospitalised via emergency department: the SAFES Cohort study. European Geriatric Medicine, 4(3), 161–166. doi:10.1016/j.eurger.2013.01.007

Feng, Z., Jones, K., & Wang, W.W. (2015). An exploratory discrete-time multilevelanalysis of the effect of social support on the survival of elderly people in China. Social Science & Medicine, 130, 181-189. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.020

Karademas, E. C. (2006). Self-efficacy, social support and well-being. The mediating role of optimism. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(6), 1281-1290. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.10.019

Kuhirunyaratn, P., Pongpanich, S., Somrongthong, S., Love, E.J., and & Sedgwick, & Chapman, R.S. (2007). Social support among elderly in Khon Kean province, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 38(5), 936-946.

Lyyra, T.M., & Heikkinen, R.L. (2006). Perceived social support and mortality in older people. Journal of Gerontology: SOCIAL SCIENCES, 61(3), 147-152.

Melchiorre, M.G., Chiatti, C., Lamura1, G., Torres-Gonzales, F., Stankunas, M., Lindert, J., … Soares, J.F.J. (2013). Social support, socio-economic status, health and abuse among older people in seven European countries. PLOS One, 8(1), e54856. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054856

Mitchell, R.E., Trickett, E.J. (1980). Task force report: social networks as mediators of social support: an analysis of the effects and determinants of social networks. Commun Ment Health J, 16(1), 27–44.

Olagunju A.T., Olutoki M.O., Ogunnubi O.P., & Adeyemi, J.D. (2015). Late-life depression: burden, severity and relationship with social support dimensions in a West African community. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 61, 240–246. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.002

Radloff, L.S. (1977). The CES-D scale - a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306

Ricks, J.M. (1984). Radio, social support, and mental health. Can Ment Health, 32(4), 13-15.

Sbicigo, J.B., Teixeira, M.A.P., Dias, A.C.G., & Dell`Aglio, D.D. (2012). Psychometric properties of the general perceived self-efficacy scale (EAGP). PSICO, 43(2), 139-146.

Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1993). General perceived self-efficacy. Retrieved from

Segrin, C. (2003). Age moderates the relationship between social support and psychosocial problems. Human Communication Research, 29(3), 317–342. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.2003.tb00842.x

Silveira, D.X., & Jorge, M.R. (1998). Psychometric properties of the epidemiologic screening scale for depression (CES-D) in clinical and non-clinical populations of adolescents and young adults. Arch. clin. Psychiatry, 25(5), 251-261.

Unalan, D., Gocer, S., Basturk, M., Baydur, H., & Ozturk, A. (2015). Coincidence of low social support and high depressive score on quality of life in elderly. European Geriatric Medicine, 6(4), 319–324. doi:

Wang, C.M., Qu, H.I., & Xu, H.M. (2016). Relationship between social support and self-efficacy in women psychiatrists. Chinese Nursing Research, article in press. doi:10.1016/j.cnre.2015.10.002

Warner, L.M., Ziegelmann, J.P., Schüz, B., Wurm, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2011). Synergistic Effect of Social Support and Self-Efficacy on Physical Exercise in Older Adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 19(3), 249-261.

White, A.M., Philogene, G.S., Fine, L., Sarbajit, S. (2009). Social support and self-reported health status of older adults in the United States. Am J Public Health, 99, 1872-1878. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2008.146894

Yeh, S.C.J., & Liu, Y.Y. (2003). Influence of social support on cognitive function in the elderly. BMC Health Serv Res, 3(9), 1-9. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-3-9