Psychology, Interamerican
Parenting self-efficacy on autism spectrum disorder context: a literature review
Creative Commons


autism spectrum disorder
literature review

How to Cite

Costa e Silva, M., & Roama-Alves, R. J. (2023). Parenting self-efficacy on autism spectrum disorder context: a literature review. Revista Interamericana De Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 57(2), e1741.


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disease whose diagnostic characteristics require a significant change in daily life and family dynamics. Incorporating parents or caregivers into the treatment and ensuring their well-being becomes important for the development of the person with ASD. A construct that is associated with these issues is parental self-efficacy. Thus, the objective of the recent study is to identify studies with the topic "parental self-efficacy in the context of ASD" and the psychometric instruments used and characterise them. To this end, a bibliographic review was carried out with studies indexed in PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Sciences and CAPES Magazines that addressed the topic and used a psychometric instrument to evaluate self-efficacy. Bibliometric analysis of the data and thematic categorical content analysis were carried out. The results point to three thematic foci in the analysis of parental self-efficacy in the context of ASD with constructs related to parental cognition as the main variables. Most of the instruments used for evaluation are related to parental self-efficacy in the general context, with only two specific instruments identified for ASD. The need to carry out more studies in the area and to have specific instruments for ASD is emphasised.


American Psychiatric Association [APA] (Ed.). (2014). Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais—DSM-5 (5o ed). Artmed.

Avrech Bar, M., Shelef, L., & Bart, O. (2016). Do participation and self-efficacy of mothers to children with ASD predict their children’s participation? Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 24, 1–10.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191–215.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. W.H. Freeman and Company.

Bardin, L. (1977). Análise de Conteúdo. Edições 70.

Benson, P. (2016). The Longitudinal Effects of Network Characteristics on the Mental Health of Mothers of Children with ASD: The Mediating Role of Parent Cognitions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46.

Benson, P. R., & Kersh, J. (2011). Marital quality and psychological adjustment among mothers of children with ASD: Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(12), 1675–1685.

Burke, M., & Heller, T. (2016). Individual, parent, and social-environmental correlates of caregiving experiences among parents of adults with autism spectrum disorder: Caregiving for adults with ASD. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(5), 401–411.

Çattık, M., & Aksoy, V. (2018). An Examination of the Relations among Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction in Parents of Children with Developmental Disabilities. TED EĞİTİM VE BİLİM, 43.

Christensen, D. L., Braun, K. V. N., Baio, J., Bilder, D., Charles, J., Constantino, J. N., Daniels, J., Durkin, M. S., Fitzgerald, R. T., Kurzius-Spencer, M., Lee, L.-C., Pettygrove, S., Robinson, C., Schulz, E., Wells, C., Wingate, M. S., Zahorodny, W., & Yeargin-Allsopp, M. (2018). Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years—Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries (Washington, D.C.: 2002), 65(13), 1–23.

Coleman, P. K., & Karraker, K. H. (1998). Self-Efficacy and Parenting Quality: Findings and Future Applications. Developmental Review, 18(1), 47–85.

Conti, R. (2015). Compassionate Parenting as a Key to Satisfaction, Efficacy and Meaning Among Mothers of Children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(7), 2008–2018.

Costa e Silva, M. R. V., Roama-Alves, R., & Ciasca, S. (2022) Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence of Content Validity. Psychology, 13, 514-531.

Dai, Y. G., Brennan, L., Como, A., Hughes-Lika, J., Dumont-Mathieu, T., Carcani-Rathwell, I., Minxhozi, O., Aliaj, B., & Fein, D. A. (2018). A video parent-training program for families of children with autism spectrum disorder in Albania. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 56, 36–49.

Dunn, W., Cox, J., Foster, L., Mische-Lawson, L., & Tanquary, J. (2012). Impact of a contextual intervention on child participation and parent competence among children with autism spectrum disorders: A pretest-posttest repeated-measures design. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 66(5), 520–528.

Dias, I. S. (2010). Competências em educação: Conceito e significado pedagógico. Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, 14(1), 73–78.

Fávero, M. A. B., & Santos, M. A. dos. (2005). Autismo infantil e estresse familiar: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 18(3), 358–369.

Favero-Nunes, M. A., & Santos, M. A. dos. (2010). Itinerário terapêutico percorrido por mães de crianças com transtorno autístico. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 23(2), 208–221.

Fleury, M. T. L., & Fleury, A. (2001). Construindo o conceito de competência. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 5(spe), 183–196.

García-López, C., Sarriá, E., & Pozo, P. (2016). Parental Self-Efficacy and Positive Contributions Regarding Autism Spectrum Condition: An Actor–Partner Interdependence Model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(7), 2385–2398.

Giallo, R., Wood, C. E., Jellett, R., & Porter, R. (2013). Fatigue, wellbeing and parental self-efficacy in mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 17(4), 465–480.

Hastings, R. P., & Brown, T. (2002). Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy, and mental health. American Journal of Mental Retardation: AJMR, 107(3), 222–232.<0222:BPOCWA>2.0.CO;2

Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A Measure of Parenting Satisfaction and Efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167–175.

Karst, J. S., Van Hecke, A. V., Carson, A. M., Stevens, S., Schohl, K., & Dolan, B. (2015). Parent and family outcomes of PEERS: A social skills intervention for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(3), 752–765.

Kuhn, J. C., & Carter, A. S. (2006). Maternal self-efficacy and associated parenting cognitions among mothers of children with autism. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(4), 564–575.

Kuperstein, A. L., Biazus, F. C., & Pires, L. C. V. C. (2018). A família como parte importante da equipe do diagnóstico à intervenção precoce da criança com transtorno do espectro autista. In: Rotta, N. T., Bridi Filho, C. A., & Bridi, F. R. S. (Orgs.). Plasticidade cerebral e aprendizagem: abordagem mustidisciplinar. Artmed.

Lambert, M. J., Whipple, J. L., Smart, D. W., Vermeersch, D. A., Nielsen, S. L., & Hawkins, E. J. (2001). The effects of providing therapists with feedback on patient progress during psychotherapy: are outcomes enhances? Psychotherapy Research, 11(1), 49-68.

Launeanu, M. S. (2016). Response Processes as a Source of Validity Evidence in Self-Report Measures: Theoretical and Methodological Implications [Doctoral Thesis]. University of British Columbia.

Lindsey, R. A., & Barry, T. D. (2018). Protective Factors Against Distress for Caregivers of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(4), 1092–1107.

Maruish, M. E. (2014). The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment (3rd Ed). Routledge.

Matthews, N. L., Orr, B. C., Harris, B., McIntosh, R., Openden, D., & Smith, C. J. (2018). Parent and child outcomes of JumpStartTM, an education and training program for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 56, 21-35.

May, C., Fletcher, R., Dempsey, I., & Newman, L. (2015). Modeling Relations among Coparenting Quality, Autism-Specific Parenting Self-Efficacy, and Parenting Stress in Mothers and Fathers of Children with ASD. Parenting: Science and Practice, 15, 119–133.

Miranda, A., Mira, A., Berenguer, C., Rosello, B., & Baixauli, I. (2019). Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children With Autism Without Intellectual Disability. Mediation of Behavioral Problems and Coping Strategies. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 464.

Pinto, R. N. M., Torquato, I. M. B., Collet, N., Reichert, A. P. da S., Souza Neto, V. L. de, Saraiva, A. M., Pinto, R. N. M., Torquato, I. M. B., Collet, N., Reichert, A. P. da S., Souza Neto, V. L. de, & Saraiva, A. M. (2016). Autismo infantil: Impacto do diagnóstico e repercussões nas relações familiares. Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem, 37(3).

Rezendes, D. L., & Scarpa, A. (2011). Associations between Parental Anxiety/Depression and Child Behavior Problems Related to Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Roles of Parenting Stress and Parenting Self-Efficacy. Autism Research and Treatment, 2011, 395190.

Salagame, D. K. K. (2010). Effect of Sensitized Coaching on Self-Efficacy of Parents of Children with Autism. Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 16(2), 44–51.

Schmidt, C., & Bosa, C. (2007). Estresse e auto-eficácia em mães de pessoas com autismo. Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia, 59(2), 179–191.

Schrott, B., Kasperzack, D., Weber, L., Becker, K., Burghardt, R., & Kamp-Becker, I. (2019). Effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P Group Parenting Program as an Additional Intervention in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Parenting Variables. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49(3), 913–923.

Semensato, M. R., & Bosa, C. A. (2013). A família das crianças com autismo: Contribuições empíricas e clínicas. In C. Schmidt (Ed.), Autismo, educação e transdisciplinaridade (pp. 81-103). Papirus.

Semensato, M. R., & Bosa, C. A. (2017). Crenças Indicativas de Resiliência Parental no Contexto do Autismo. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 33.

Seymour, M., Giallo, R., & Wood, C. E. (2017). Bio-ecological factors associated with the psychological distress of fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder: A population-based study of Australian families. Autism, 22(7), 825-836.

Shiri, E., Pouretemad, H., Fathabadi, J., & Narimani, M. (2019). A pilot study of family-based management of behavioral excesses in young Iranian children with autism spectrum disorder. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 47, 101845.

Singh, N. N., Curtis, W. J., Ellis, C. R., Nicholson, M. W., Villani, T. M., & Wechsler, H. A. (1995). Psychometric Analysis of the Family Empowerment Scale. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 3(2), 85–91.

Silva, R. A., & Magalhães, C. M. C. (2011). Crenças sobre práticas: Estudo sobre mães primíparas de contexto urbano e não-urbano. Journal of Human Growth and Development, 21(1), 39–50.

Sofronoff, K., & Farbotko, M. (2002). The effectiveness of parent management training to increase self-efficacy in parents of children with Asperger syndrome. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 6(3), 271–286.

Solish, A., & Perry, A. (2008). Parents’ involvement in their children’s behavioral intervention programs: Parent and therapist perspectives. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2(4), 728–738.

Sprovieri, M. H. S., & Assumpção Jr, F. B. (2001). Dinâmica familiar de crianças autistas. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 59(2A), 230–237.

Tabaquim, M. de L. M., Vieira, R. G. de S., Razera, A. P. R., & Ciasca, S. M. (2015). Autoeficácia de cuidadores de crianças com o transtorno do espectro autista. Revista Psicopedagogia, 32(99), 285–292.

Weiss, J. A., Robinson, S., Fung, S., Tint, A., Chalmers, P., & Lunsky, Y. (2013). Family hardiness, social support, and self-efficacy in mothers of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 7(11), 1310–1317.

Weiss, J. A., Tint, A., Paquette-Smith, M., & Lunsky, Y. (2016). Perceived self-efficacy in parents of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 20(4), 425–434.

Zhou, Y., Yin, H., Wang, M., & Wang, J. (2019). The effect of family-focused psychoeducational therapy for autism spectrum disorder children’s parents on parenting self-efficacy and emotion. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 33(1), 17–22.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Mariana Costa e Silva, Rauni Jandé Roama-Alves