Psychology, Interamerican
Future time perspective and self-efficacy: A mediation analysis (psychological hardiness, hope, and vitality) in Mexico and the U.S.A.
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perspectiva de tiempo
diferencias culturales
dureza psicológica

How to Cite

Cernas Ortiz, D. A., & Mercado Salgado, P. (2020). Future time perspective and self-efficacy: A mediation analysis (psychological hardiness, hope, and vitality) in Mexico and the U.S.A. Revista Interamericana De Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 54(3), e1037.


This study´s objective was to analyze the mediating effects of hardiness, hope, and vitality in the relationship between future time perspective and self-efficacy in the work context. We also analyzed whether such mediation effects vary between Mexico and the U.S. A total of 583 MBA students were surveyed in both countries. The PROCESS (Hayes, 2013) command in SPSS® (20) was employed to analyze the data. The results suggest that (in order of mediating power) hope, hardiness, and vitality transmit almost all the future time perspective´ effects to self-efficacy and that such mediating effects are invariant between the analyzed countries.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Arturo Cernas Ortiz, Patricia Mercado Salgado