Supervisão Clínica, Outcomes Clínicos e Autoeficácia em Psicólogos Estagiários: Uma Revisão Sistemática
A investigação tem demonstrado que a supervisão clínica está associada aos outcomes clínicos nos clientes e autoeficácia terapêutica em psicólogos estagiários e terapeutas no inicio da profissão. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi sumariar os resultados-chave de estudos empíricos que testaram a associação entre qualidade da supervisão e outcomes clínicos nos clientes e/ou preditores de autoeficácia no estagiário e terapeutas inexperientes e seus moderadores. Foram triados estudos de uma base de dados (PsycInfo), publicados entre janeiro de 2007 e maio de 2016. Os títulos, resumos e as palavras-chave das citações geradas foram independentemente analisados por dois investigadores para selecionar consensualmente os artigos que cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. Dos 1081 artigos triados, 11 cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. Foram encontradas associações significativamente positivas entre a qualidade da supervisão clínica, outcomes clínicos no cliente e dimensões especificas da autoeficácia no estagiário e terapeutas inexperientes. Implicações para a supervisão clínica são discutidas.
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