Personality factors, self-efficacy and depression in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant in Brazil

  • Caroline Venzon Thomas Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  • Elisa Kern de Castro Universidade do Vale do Rio dos SinosPersonality factors, self-efficacy and depression in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant in Brazil

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess personality, self-efficacy and depression factors in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant. Patients (n = 65) were adults under hemodialysis treatment and on the kidney transplant list with average age of 49.11 years. Pearson correlation analysis showed positive associations between the factors Surgency (r=-.353, p<.01) Conscientiousness (r=.415, p<.01) and self-efficacy; Neuroticism had negative correlation with self-efficacy (r=-.389, p<.01) and total (r=.688, p<0.01), psychological (r=.627, p<0.01) and somatic (r=.673, p<.01) depression levels; and the factors Conscientiousness and Agreableness also correlated positively and significantly with age (r=.381, p<.01; r=.309, p<.05 respectively) and age at diagnosis (r=.450, p<.05; r=0.271, p<.01). Neuroticism was significantly a predictor (R2= .47, β=5.35, p<.01) of depressive symptoms, while Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Surgency factors together  were predictors of self-efficacy in these patients (R2= .33, β=.23, p<.05). Personality factors must be considered in patients on the kidney transplant list, because they impact on behavior and depression levels of these patients.

Author Biography

Caroline Venzon Thomas, Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
PhD student
Published
2014-11-30
How to Cite
Thomas, C. V., & Kern de Castro, E. (2014). Personality factors, self-efficacy and depression in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant in Brazil. Revista Interamericana De Psicologia/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 48(1). https://doi.org/10.30849/rip/ijp.v48i1.251