Personality factors, self-efficacy and depression in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant in Brazil
The aim of this study was to assess personality, self-efficacy and depression factors in chronic renal patients awaiting kidney transplant. Patients (n = 65) were adults under hemodialysis treatment and on the kidney transplant list with average age of 49.11 years. Pearson correlation analysis showed positive associations between the factors Surgency (r=-.353, p<.01) Conscientiousness (r=.415, p<.01) and self-efficacy; Neuroticism had negative correlation with self-efficacy (r=-.389, p<.01) and total (r=.688, p<0.01), psychological (r=.627, p<0.01) and somatic (r=.673, p<.01) depression levels; and the factors Conscientiousness and Agreableness also correlated positively and significantly with age (r=.381, p<.01; r=.309, p<.05 respectively) and age at diagnosis (r=.450, p<.05; r=0.271, p<.01). Neuroticism was significantly a predictor (R2= .47, β=5.35, p<.01) of depressive symptoms, while Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Surgency factors together were predictors of self-efficacy in these patients (R2= .33, β=.23, p<.05). Personality factors must be considered in patients on the kidney transplant list, because they impact on behavior and depression levels of these patients.
Copyright (c) 2016 Caroline Venzon Thomas, Elisa Kern de Castro
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