Independence and interdependence: The diversity of the Brazilian family from a cultural perspective

  • Mauro Luis Vieira Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Departamento de Psicologia Campus Universitário - Trindade 88032-480 Florianópolis (SC), Brasil
  • Gabriela Dal Forno Martins Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Instituto de Psicologia Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Núcleo de Infância e Família Ramiro Barcelos Street, 2600 - Santa Cecília 90035-003 - Porto Alegre (RS) Brasil
  • Eulina da Rocha Lordelo Universidade Federal da Bahia, Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Departamento de Psicologia. Estrada de São Lázaro, 197 Federação 40210-909 - Salvador (BA) Brasil
Keywords: Family, parental beliefs, parental practices, cultural models

Abstract

This study aimed to compare sociodemographic characteristics, psychosocial and maternal beliefs in families of two distinct contexts in Brazil, based on the prototypical cultural models of independence and interdependence. Overall, 112 mothers living in two different cities (50 in a city with a high human development index - HDI - and 62 in another city with a low HDI) responded individually to a questionnaire. Through statistical analyses it was revealed that there were more differences when comparing sociodemographic variables than psychosocial variables related to the mother’s infancy and current life. Results also indicated that there are differences between the contexts in relation to the value attributed and to the performance of primary care practices, child stimulation and socialization goals. Results from both contexts combined confirmed the expectations regarding the cultural models of independence and interdependence, indicating the relevance of these dimensions to the study of family and its diversity.

Author Biographies

Mauro Luis Vieira, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Departamento de Psicologia Campus Universitário - Trindade 88032-480 Florianópolis (SC), Brasil
Associate Professor of Departamento de Psicologia at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis (SC), Brasil.  Researcher of CNPq.  Pos-doc at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (RS), Brasil.
Gabriela Dal Forno Martins, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Instituto de Psicologia Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Núcleo de Infância e Família Ramiro Barcelos Street, 2600 - Santa Cecília 90035-003 - Porto Alegre (RS) Brasil
Doctoral student at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (RS), Brasil.  Fellow of CNPq.
Eulina da Rocha Lordelo, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Departamento de Psicologia. Estrada de São Lázaro, 197 Federação 40210-909 - Salvador (BA) Brasil
Associate Professor (retired) of Departamento de Psicologia at the Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador (BA), Brasil.
Published
2013-05-30
How to Cite
Vieira, M. L., Martins, G. D. F., & Lordelo, E. da R. (2013). Independence and interdependence: The diversity of the Brazilian family from a cultural perspective. Revista Interamericana De Psicologia/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 47(1). https://doi.org/10.30849/rip/ijp.v47i1.207