Gender and age-related differences in depressive symptoms and health behaviors among Mexican youth
AbstractGender- and age-related differences in, and behavioral health correlates of, depressive symptoms were examined in 5152 Mexican university applicants aged 16-21 (55% female). Participants self-reported depressive symptoms (CESD-10) and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, physical activity). Overall, and from ages 17 to 20, significantly more female than male respondents met the cut-off for depression (CESD-10 scores ≥10). Logistic regressions controlling for age and parental education indicated that depressed young women were 82% more likely to smoke and 20% less likely to exercise than their non-depressed peers; depressed young men were 30% more likely to drink than non-depressed males. Findings extend knowledge on the developmental course and health consequences of depression by examining these processes in an international setting.
Copyright (c) 2016 Marcela Raffaelli, Flavia Cristina Andrade, Emilia M. Poppe, Omar Sanchez-Armass, Itzel Vazquez Vidal, Celia Aradillas Garcia
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