Gender and age-related differences in depressive symptoms and health behaviors among Mexican youth

  • Marcela Raffaelli University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Flavia Cristina Andrade University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Emilia M. Poppe University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Omar Sanchez-Armass Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
  • Itzel Vazquez Vidal University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Celia Aradillas Garcia Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
Keywords: Adolescents, Depression, Health behaviors, Mexico

Abstract

Gender- and age-related differences in, and behavioral health correlates of, depressive symptoms were examined in 5152 Mexican university applicants aged 16-21 (55% female). Participants self-reported depressive symptoms (CESD-10) and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, physical activity). Overall, and from ages 17 to 20, significantly more female than male respondents met the cut-off for depression (CESD-10 scores ≥10). Logistic regressions controlling for age and parental education indicated that depressed young women were 82% more likely to smoke and 20% less likely to exercise than their non-depressed peers; depressed young men were 30% more likely to drink than non-depressed males. Findings extend knowledge on the developmental course and health consequences of depression by examining these processes in an international setting.

Author Biographies

Marcela Raffaelli, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Department of Human and Community Development

904 West Nevada St., MC-081

Urbana, IL 61801
Flavia Cristina Andrade, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health1206 S. 4th Street, MC-588, Champaign, IL 61820
Emilia M. Poppe, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Department of Human and Community Development

905 S. Goodwin Avenue, MC-180, Urbana, IL 61801 (USA)

 

Omar Sanchez-Armass, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí

School of Psychology

Carr. Central Km. 424.5, San Luis Potosí, S.L.P.

 

Itzel Vazquez Vidal, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Department of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition 905 S. Goodwin Avenue, MC-182, Urbana, Illinois 61801
Celia Aradillas Garcia, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí

Hormones Laboratory at the School of Medicine

Ave. Venustiano Carranza  #2405, Col. Los Filtros,

San Luis Potosí. S.L.P., 78210 (México)

 

Published
2013-05-23
How to Cite
Raffaelli, M., Andrade, F. C., Poppe, E. M., Sanchez-Armass, O., Vazquez Vidal, I., & Aradillas Garcia, C. (2013). Gender and age-related differences in depressive symptoms and health behaviors among Mexican youth. Revista Interamericana De Psicologia/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 47(1). https://doi.org/10.30849/rip/ijp.v47i1.204