Psychology, Interamerican
Analysis of the Associations Between Emotional Memory and Performance in Tasks with Cognitive Demand in Preschoolers
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Emotional memory
cognitive processes

How to Cite

Ruetti, E., & Ramírez, V. A. (2022). Analysis of the Associations Between Emotional Memory and Performance in Tasks with Cognitive Demand in Preschoolers. Revista Interamericana De Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 56(3), e1712.


Background. Emotional and cognitive processing are interconnected. Several researchers studied the association between different cognitive control processes and emotional memory, defined as the long-term storage of information accompanied by activating factors that will later favor its recall. Moreover, cognitive control processes include functions that regulate and coordinate attention, memory, language, inhibitory control, and planning. Method. Since these processes are susceptible to change during development, this study analyzed the associations between emotional memory (free recall and recognition) and cognitive processes (evaluated through Corsi and Stroop tasks) at 4 and 4.5 years of age in children from households with different socio-environmental conditions. Results. Significant correlations were found between: a) free recall of negative images and Stroop performance at 4 and 4.5 years; b) free recall of neutral images and Corsi performance at 4 years; c) recognition of negative and positive images and Stroop performance at 4.5 years; d) recognition of neutral images and socio-environmental conditions at 4.5 years. Conclusions. The results of this investigation allow us to highlight the fundamental relationship between the variables studied in this age of life cycle. These processes are closely linked and need to be analyzed together to provide a greater understanding of their mutual influences throughout child development.


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