Causal attributions of poverty in less developed countries: Comparing among undergraduates from nations with different development levels

José Juan Vázquez, Sonia Panadero, Isabel Pascual, Xavier G. Ordoñez


The study analyze the causal attributions of poverty in less developed countries in a sample of 1,092 undergraduates from Nicaragua, El Salvador, Chile and Spain. Statistical analysis showed the existence of three components which initially grouped the various causal attributions for poverty in developing countries: “Fault of the world economic structure”, “Fault of fate, nature, cultural habits, and political misconduct” and “Fault of the developing countries' population”. Five types of subjects were subsequently identified according to the type of causal attributions of poverty that the undergraduates had made and their country of origin, perceived social class, economic situation, political ideology and religious beliefs. The results obtained show that the causal attributions of poverty in developing countries are mainly influenced by the level of development in the country of origin of interviewees, their political ideology and their economic situation.


causal attributions, poverty, development, developing countries

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